In this tutorial, we will show you how to add an apt repository on Ubuntu Linux. For those new to Ubuntu package management, add-apt-repository is a command-line tool used for adding Personal Package Archive (PPA) in Debian family Linux distributions.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step add apt repository on a Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Add Apt Repository on Ubuntu Linux
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Adding Repositories with add-apt-repository.
If your system is missing
add-apt-repository a command, install the software-properties-common package by running the following command:
sudo apt install software-properties-common dirmngr apt-transport-https lsb-release ca-certificates
The basic syntax of the add-apt-repository command is as follows:
add-apt-repository [options] repository
For example, MongoDB is a popular package for running non-Linux software on a Linux system. But the latest version isn’t available through the default repositories. To install the latest version of MongoDB on Ubuntu, you first need to grant access to the MongoDB repository:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4
Add the MongoDB repository using the command:
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64] https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu bionic/mongodb-org/4.0 multiverse'
You can now install any of the packages from the newly enabled repository:
sudo apt install mongodb-org
Step 3. Adding PPA Repositories.
Only an authorized user can add/remove and configure software and repositories in Ubuntu. Here is the command syntax that you can use as
sudo in order to add a PPA to your system:
And then install the required package from the added repository as
sudo as follows:
apt install package_name
For example, to add Jonathan F’s PPA which provides FFmpeg version 4.x you would run:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonathonf/ffmpeg-4
Once the PPA is added to your system you can install the repository packages:
sudo apt install ffmpeg
Step 4. Resolve add-apt-repository: command not found error.
The latest version of Ubuntu 19.10, 18.04, 16.04, add-apt-repository command utility is available under the software-properties-common package. So use the following command to install it:
sudo apt install software-properties-common
Congratulations! You have successfully added an apt repository. Thanks for using this tutorial to add
apt repository on Ubuntu 18.04 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Ubuntu website.