In this tutorial we will show you how to add apt repository on Ubuntu Linux. For those new to Ubuntu package management, add-apt-repository is a command line tool used for adding Personal Package Archive (PPA) in Debian family Linux distributions.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step add apt repository on a Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.
Add Apt Repository on Ubuntu Linux
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Adding Repositories with add-apt-repository.
If your system is missing add-apt-repository command, install the software-properties-common package by running the following command:
The basic syntax of the add-apt-repository command is as follows:
For example, MongoDB is a popular package for running non-Linux software on a Linux system. But the latest version isn’t available through the default repositories. To install the latest version of MongoDB on Ubuntu, you first need to grant access to the MongoDB repository:
sudoapt-keyadv--keyserverhkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4
Add the MongoDB repository using the command:
sudoadd-apt-repository'deb [arch=amd64] https://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu bionic/mongodb-org/4.0 multiverse'
You can now install any of the packages from the newly enabled repository:
Only an authorized user can add/remove and configure software and repositories in Ubuntu. Here is the command syntax that you can use as sudo in order to add a PPA to your system:
And then install the required package from the added repository as sudo as follows:
For example, to add the Jonathan F’s PPA which provides FFmpeg version 4.x you would run:
Once the PPA is added to your system you can install the repository packages:
The latest version of Ubuntu 19.10, 18.04, 16.04, add-apt-repository command utility is available under the software-properties-common package. So use the following command to install it:
Congratulation’s! You have successfully add apt repository. Thanks for using this tutorial for add apt repository on Ubuntu 18.04 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Ubuntu website.