In this tutorial, we will show you how to backup and restore the MySQL database using Command-Line. For those of you who didn’t know, Backing up and restoring a MySQL database is an important aspect of database management. Backups ensure that your data is safe and can be recovered in case of data loss due to hardware failure, software bugs, or human error.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of backup and restore MySQL on a Linux server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu and any other Debian-based distribution or CentOS Linux.
- An active internet connection.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
The parameters of the said command are as follows.
uname] Your database username.
passwd] The password for your database (note there is no space between -p and the password).
dbname] The name of your database.
backupdb.sql] The filename for your database backup.
Backing Up a MySQL Database using the Command Line
mysqldump the utility is used to create a backup of a MySQL database. This tool is included in the MySQL server package and can be used to back up the entire database or individual tables.
- Backup MySQL/MariaDB database
First, you can check MySQL databases from your server:
mysql -h localhost -u root -p mysql> show databases;
The following command will dump all databases into an SQL file. Replace pass with your root database password and filename with the name of the file you wish to create such as backupdb.sql
Back up multiple databases in MySQL
$ mysqldump –u[uname] –p[passwd] [database name 1] [database name 2] > backup.sql
$ mysqldump –u root –pidroidus chedelics radiks > backup.sql
Backup all databases in MySQL
$ mysqldump –u [uname] –p[passwd] –all-databases > backup.sql
$ mysqldump –u root –pidroidus –all-databases > backup.sql
Back up your MySQL Database with Compress
$ mysqldump -u root -p[passwd] --databases [dbname] | gzip > backup.sql.gz
$ mysqldump -u root -pidroidus --databases | gzip > backup.sql.gz
Restoring a MySQL Database using the Command Line
- Restore MySQL/MariaDB database from a backup file
Above we backup the Tutorials database into
backupdb.sql file. To re-create the Tutorials database you should follow two steps:
- Create an appropriately named database on the target machine
- Load the file using the
$ mysqladmin -u root -p create [dbname]
$ gzip -d backupdb.sql.gz #mysql -uroot -p[passwd] [dbname] < backupdb.sql
$ mysqladmin -u root -p create chedelics $ gzip -d backupdb.sql.gz $ backupdb.sql $ mysql -uroot -pidroidus chedelics < backupdb.sql
Backing up and restoring a MySQL database is a critical aspect of database management. Using the command line is a powerful and efficient way to perform these tasks. Using the command line is a great way to do this, as it gives you complete control over the backup and restores the process. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you should now be able to easily back up and restore your MySQL databases using the command line on your Linux system.
Thanks for using this tutorial to back up and restore MySQL/MariaDB database using command line. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MySQL website.