LinuxRHEL Based

How To Fix Yum Command Not Found

Fix Yum Command Not Found

If you’re a Linux user, you’ve likely encountered the dreaded “yum: command not found” error at some point. This error occurs when the system is unable to locate or execute the yum command, which is the primary package management utility for many Linux distributions, including CentOS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), and Fedora. Without a functioning package manager, you’ll be unable to install, update, or remove software packages, which can severely limit the functionality and security of your system.

Fortunately, there are several troubleshooting steps you can take to resolve this issue and restore yum functionality. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through various methods to fix the “yum: command not found” error, ensuring your Linux system remains up-to-date and running smoothly.

Fix Yum Command Not Found

Verify yum Installation

The first step in troubleshooting the “yum: command not found” error is to verify whether the yum package is installed on your system. You can check this by running the following command:

rpm -qa | grep yum

If the output shows packages like “yum” or “yum-metadata-parser,” it means yum is installed. However, if the output is empty or doesn’t list any yum-related packages, you’ll need to install yum manually.

To install yum, you can download the required packages from the official repositories of your Linux distribution. For example, on CentOS or RHEL, you can use the following command to install yum:

sudo yum install yum

If yum is not installed, you may need to use a different package manager, such as dnf (on Fedora) or apt (on Debian-based distributions), to install yum and its dependencies.

Check Repository Configuration

The yum package manager relies on repository files (.repo) located in the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory to access and download software packages. If these repository files are missing or misconfigured, yum may not function correctly, leading to the “yum: command not found” error.

To check the repository configuration, navigate to the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory and list its contents:

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

If the directory is empty or doesn’t contain any .repo files, you’ll need to download and install the appropriate repository files from your Linux distribution’s official sources. These files typically contain URLs pointing to the package repositories and configuration settings for enabling or disabling specific repositories.

Once you have the repository files in place, you can enable or disable repositories using the following command:

sudo yum-config-manager --enable 
sudo yum-config-manager --disable 

Replace <repository_name> with the name of the repository you want to enable or disable.

If you suspect that a missing or incorrect repository is causing the “yum: command not found” error, you can check for available repositories by running:

yum repolist

This command will list all configured repositories and their status (enabled or disabled).

Update System Packages

After verifying the yum installation and repository configuration, it’s a good practice to update all installed packages to their latest versions. Keeping your system up-to-date can often resolve various issues, including the “yum: command not found” error.

To update your system packages, run the following command:

sudo yum update

This command will download and install the latest versions of all packages installed on your system. Be patient, as this process may take some time depending on the number of packages and your internet connection speed.

Clean Yum Cache

Over time, the yum cache can become corrupted or outdated, leading to various issues, including the “yum: command not found” error. Cleaning the yum cache can help resolve these problems by removing old metadata and package files.

To clean the yum cache, run the following commands:

sudo yum clean metadata
sudo yum clean packages

The first command clears the metadata cache, while the second command removes cached package files. After cleaning the cache, try running yum commands again to see if the issue is resolved.

Reinstall Yum

If none of the above steps have resolved the “yum: command not found” error, you may need to reinstall the yum package itself. Before proceeding, it’s recommended to create a backup of your system configuration files and data, as a precautionary measure.

To reinstall yum, follow these steps:

  1. Remove the existing yum package:
sudo rpm -e --nodeps yum
  1. Download the latest yum package from your Linux distribution’s official repositories.
  2. Install the downloaded yum package:
sudo rpm -ivh yum-<version>.rpm

Replace <version> with the specific version number of the yum package you downloaded.

After reinstalling yum, try running yum commands again to see if the issue has been resolved.

Advanced Troubleshooting

If you’ve tried all the basic troubleshooting steps and are still encountering the “yum: command not found” error, it’s time to delve into more advanced troubleshooting techniques.

Check Yum Log Files

Yum maintains log files that can provide valuable insights into potential issues or errors. The main log file is located at /var/log/yum.log. You can open and examine this file using a text editor or the following command:

sudo tail -n 100 /var/log/yum.log

This command will display the last 100 lines of the yum log file, which can help you identify any error messages or clues related to the “yum: command not found” issue.

Verify System Requirements

Yum has certain system requirements, such as minimum RAM and disk space, that must be met for it to function properly. If your system doesn’t meet these requirements, you may encounter various issues, including the “yum: command not found” error. To check your system’s available resources, you can use the following commands:

  • Check available RAM:
free -m
  • Check available disk space:
df -h

If your system is running low on resources, you may need to free up space or upgrade your hardware to resolve the issue.

Reset Yum Databases

Yum maintains several databases that store information about installed packages, repositories, and dependencies. If these databases become corrupted or inconsistent, it can lead to various issues, including the “yum: command not found” error.

To reset the yum databases, follow these steps:

  1. Back up the existing yum databases:
sudo mkdir /tmp/yum-backup
sudo cp -r /var/lib/yum/* /tmp/yum-backup/
  1. Reset the yum databases:
sudo rm -rf /var/lib/yum/*
sudo yum clean all
sudo yum makecache

These commands will remove the existing yum databases, clean the cache, and rebuild the databases from scratch.

Note: Resetting the yum databases may result in data loss, so it’s essential to create a backup before proceeding with this step.


r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
Back to top button