How To Change SSH Port in CentOS

Change SSH Port in CentOS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to change the default ssh port on the CentOS system. For those of you who didn’t know, SSH is a program and protocol for securely connecting to remote machines across a network. It allows you to run programs, and do a variety of tasks as if you were sitting at the machine. SSH is very similar to telnet except it is with encryption to protect the transferred information and authentication.

The Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol by default uses port 22. Accepting this value does not make your system insecure, nor will changing the port provide a significant variance in security. However, changing the default SSH port will stop many automated attacks and a bit harder to guess which port SSH is accessible from

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The tutorial is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step change of the default SSH port on the CentOS system.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS or RHEL-based.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • Before changing the SSH port, it’s always a good idea to take a backup of the SSH configuration file in case something goes wrong.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Change SSH Port in CentOS

Step 1. Log into your server as the root user.

ssh root@hostname/IP

Step 2. Open our SSH configuration.

Open the sshd_config file using a text editor. The sshd_config file is the main configuration file for the OpenSSH server:

nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Find the line that reads “#Port 22” and remove the “#” at the beginning of the line to uncomment it.

# What ports, IPs and protocols we listen for
Port 1080

Change the value “22” to a port number of your choice. We recommend using a number between 1024 and 65535 that is not currently being used by any other service.

Save and close the file, then restart the SSH service to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart sshd

Step 3. Configuring Firewall.

You need to configure the firewall to allow traffic to the new port. If you’re using firewalld, you can use the following commands to add a new rule to allow traffic on the new SSH port:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=1080/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

If you’re using iptables, you can add a new rule to allow traffic on the new SSH port using the following command:

sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 1080 -j ACCEPT

Step 4. Testing the New SSH Port.

To test the new SSH port, you can use the SSH command with the -p option to specify the new port number. For example, if you changed the SSH port to 1080, you can use the following command to establish an SSH connection:

ssh username@hostname.com -p 1080

Congratulations! You have successfully changed the default SSH port. Thanks for using this tutorial to change the OpenSSH port number on CentOS systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official CentOS website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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