How To Install Magento on Ubuntu 14.04

Install Magento on Ubuntu 14.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento on Ubuntu 14.04. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Magento in the Ubuntu 14.04 server.

Install Magento on Ubuntu 14.04

Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.

apt-get -y update

Step 2. Install LAMP (Apache, PHP, and MySQL) in Ubuntu.

sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 php5-mhash php5-mcrypt php5-curl php5-cli php5-mysql php5-gd mysql-client mysql-server

Start LAMP service, enable to start on boot:

service mysql start
service apache2 start

Step 3. Configuring MySQL for Magento.

By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:

mysql_secure_installation

Next, we will need to log in to the MySQL console and create a database for Magento. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MySQL root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:

### mysql -u root -p 
mysql> create database magentodb;
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO [email protected]'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> flush privileges;
mysql> quit

Step 4. Configure PHP for Magento.

Now here we should allow Magento to use enough PHP memory (it is recommended that PHP should be allowed 512 MB of RAM). To do that, run the commands below to open the configuration file:

nano /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini

Search for the line ‘memory_limit‘ in the file:

memory_limit = 128M
### And change the value to 512 ###
memory_limit = 512M

Step 5. Configure Apache web server for Magento.

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘magento.conf‘:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerAdmin [email protected]
   DocumentRoot /var/www/html/magento/
   ServerName your-domain.com
   ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
      <Directory /var/www/html/magento/>
         Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
         AllowOverride All
         Order allow,deny
         allow from all
      </Directory>
   ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
   CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Restart Apache for the changes to take effect using the following command:

service apache2 restart

Step 5. Install Magento.

Download the latest stable version of Magento, At the moment of writing this article it is version 1.9.1.0:

wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.1.0/tar -xvzf magento-1.9.1.0.tar.gz

Unpack the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:

tar -xvzf magento-1.9.1.0.tar.gz
mv magento /var/www/html/magento

Set proper permissions:

chown www-data:www-data -R /var/www/html/magento/
cd /var/www/html/magento
chmod -R o+w app/etc/
chmod -R o+w var/
chmod -R o+w media/

Step 6. Accessing Magento.

Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce on Ubuntu 14.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.

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