In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Magento on your Ubuntu 15.10. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allows them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Magento on the Ubuntu 15.10 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 15.10, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Magento on Ubuntu 15.10
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Apache, PHP, and MySQL) server.
A Ubuntu 15.10 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install PHP and its dependent libraries as shown:
apt-get install php5 php5-mcrypt php5-common libapache2-mod-php5 php5-cli php5-ldap php5-gd php5-xsl php5-intl php5-mysql php5-xmlrpc php5-curl php5-tidy
Step 3. Installing Magento.
The first thing to do is to go to Magento’s download page and download the latest stable version of Magento, At the moment of writing this article it is version 184.108.40.206:
Unpack the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:
unzip magento*.zip cp -rf magento/* /var/www/html/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/ chmod -R 755 /var/www/html
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:
CREATE DATABASE magentodb; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO magento@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; flush privileges; exit
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Magento.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘
magento.conf’ on your virtual server:
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/magento.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/ ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effect:
systemctl restart apache2
Step 6. Configure PHP for Magento.
Now here we should allow Magento to use enough PHP memory (it is recommended that PHP should be allowed 512 MB of RAM). To do that, run the commands below to open the configuration file:
Search for the line ‘memory_limit‘ in the file:
memory_limit = 128M ### And change the value to 512 ### memory_limit = 512M
Restart Apache for the changes to take effect using the following command:
systemctl restart apache2
Step 7. Accessing Magento.
Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://your-domain.com/ and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce in Ubuntu 15.10 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.