In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Moodle on CentOS 6. For those of you who didn’t know, Moodle is an Open Source Course Management System (CMS), also known as a Learning Management System (LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It has become very popular among educators around the world as a tool for creating online dynamic websites for their students. Moodle brings features to include assignment submission, online quizzes, wiki, grading, instant messages, discussion boards, and others. But since it’s modular software, it can be extended via plugins to add extra functionality.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Moodle on CentOS 6.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 6.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Moodle on CentOS 6
Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.
yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server and include some PHP extensions.
yum install mysql-server httpd php php-mysql yum install php-iconv php-mbstring php-curl php-openssl php-tokenizer php-xmlpc php-soap php-ctype php-zip php-gd php-simplexml php-spl php-pcre php-dom php-xml php-intl php-json php-ldap php-pecl-apc -y
Start Apache and MySQL services:
service httpd start service mysqld start
Step 3. Configuring MySQL.
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL.
Next, we will need to log in to the MySQL console and create a database for Moodle. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MySQL root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Moodle installation:
mysql> CREATE DATABASE moodle; mysql> GRANT ALL ON moodle.* TO 'moodle'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secretpassword'; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; mysql> quit
Step 4. Install Moodle.
Download Moodle’s latest source:
wget https://download.moodle.org/download.php/stable28/moodle-latest-28.zip tar -zxvf moodle-latest-28.tgz
If your server is dedicated to hosting only moodle sites, copy the contents of your moodle directory to
/var/www/html/ the directory. In this case, your moodle website URL will be www.your-site.com.
Create a data directory for Moodle:
mkdir /var/www/moodledata/ chmod 777 /var/www/moodledata/
Step 5. Accessing Moodle.
Moodle will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip.
Step 1: Select the language
Step 2: Enter the “Data directory (moodledata) path, in our case it is
Step 3: Choose the database driver, MySQL.
Step 4: Enter the Database settings.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Moodle. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Moodle on CentOS 6 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Moodle website.