In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Moodle on CentOS 7. For those of you who didn’t know, Moodle is an Open Source Course Management System (CMS), also known as a Learning Management System (LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It has become very popular among educators around the world as a tool for creating online dynamic websites for their students. Moodle brings features to include assignment submission, online quizzes, wiki, grading, instant messages, discussion boards, and others. But since it’s modular software, it can be extended via plugins to add extra functionality.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Moodle on a CentOS 7 server.
Install Moodle on CentOS 7
Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.
yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server and include some PHP extensions.
yum install httpd mariadb mariadb-server php php-mysql yum install php-iconv php-mbstring php-curl php-openssl php-tokenizer php-xmlpc php-soap php-ctype php-zip php-gd php-simplexml php-spl php-pcre php-dom php-xml php-intl php-json php-ldap php-pecl-apc -y
Start LAMP services and add it to automatically start on your system start-up using:
systemctl restart httpd systemctl enable httpd systemctl start mariadb systemctl enable mariadb
Step 3. Configuring MariaDB.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Moodle. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Moodle installation:
mysql> CREATE DATABASE moodle; mysql> GRANT ALL ON moodle.* TO 'moodle'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secretpassword'; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; mysql> quit
Step 4. Install Moodle.
Download the latest stable version of Moodle, At the moment of writing this article it is version 2.9.1:
wget https://download.moodle.org/download.php/stable29/moodle-latest-29.zip tar -zxvf moodle-latest-28.tgz
If your server is dedicated to host only moodle site, copy the contents of your moodle directory to
/var/www/html/ directory. In this case, your moodle website URL will be www.your-site.com.
Create a data directory for Moodle:
mkdir /var/www/moodledata/ chmod 777 /var/www/moodledata/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/moodledata
Restart Apache for the changes to take effect:
systemctl restart httpd
Step 5. Accessing Moodle.
Moodle will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
Step 1: Select the language
Step 2: Enter the “Data directory (moodledata) path, in our case it is
Step 3: Choose database driver, MySQL.
Step 4: Enter the Database settings.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Moodle. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Moodle open-source course management system in CentOS 7. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Moodle website.