For those of you who didn’t know, Nagios is open-source software that can be used for network and infrastructure monitoring. Nagios will monitor servers, switches, applications and services. It alerts the System Administrator when something went wrong and also alerts back when the issues have been rectified. Resources that can be monitored include CPU, memory and disk space loads, log files, temperature or hardware errors. It can monitor various parameters and problems for services like HTTP, SMTP, DNS, and with the help of plugins, it can be highly extended.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation Nagios on centos 6.
Install Nagios on CentOS 6
Step 1. First, install the required packages and dependencies.
yum install httpd php php-cli gcc glibc glibc-common gd gd-devel net-snmp wget -y
Step 2. Create the user and group for Nagios installation.
useradd nagios passwd nagios
Now create a groud for nagios setup “nagcmd” and add nagios user to this group. Also, add nagios user in apache group:
groupadd nagcmd usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios usermod -a -G nagcmd apache
Step 3. Install Nagios service and Nagios plugins.
Download Nagios source code from official site:
cd /opt/ wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/nagios/nagios-4.0.10.tar.gz tar xzf nagios-4.0.10.tar.gz cd nagios-4.0.10 ./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd make all make install make install-init make install-config make install-commandmode make install-webconf
Download latest nagios-plugins source and install using the following commands:
cd /opt wget http://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz tar xzf nagios-plugins-2.0.3.tar.gz cd nagios-plugins-2.0.3 ./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios make make install
Step 4. Configure Apache authentication.
We need to set up the password for the user nagiosadmin. This username will be used to access the web interface so it is important to remember the password that you will input here. Set the password running the following command and enter the password twice:
# htpasswd -s -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin New password: Re-type new password: Adding password for user nagiosadmin
Step 5. Verify and Start Nagios service.
Next, we have to make Nagios start at boot time, so first verify that the configuration file has no errors running the following command:
/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
And you should get the output:
Checking objects... Checked 8 services. Checked 1 hosts. Checked 1 host groups. Checked 0 service groups. Checked 1 contacts. Checked 1 contact groups. Checked 24 commands. Checked 5 time periods. Checked 0 host escalations. Checked 0 service escalations. Checking for circular paths... Checked 1 hosts Checked 0 service dependencies Checked 0 host dependencies Checked 5 timeperiods Checking global event handlers... Checking obsessive compulsive processor commands... Checking misc settings... Total Warnings: 0 Total Errors: 0 Things look okay - No serious problems were detected during the pre-flight check
Step 6. Start the Apache and Nagios service.
/etc/init.d/nagios start /etc/init.d/httpd start
Step 7. Access Nagios from a web browser.
Nagios creates its own apache configuration file
/etc/httpd/conf.d/nagios.conf. There are no need to make any changes to it. Simply open url in browser http://nagios-server-ip/nagios.
When prompted for username and password you will introduce the username “nagiosadmin” and the password that you entered in step 4. In case you forget this password you can modify it by rerunning the htpasswd command in step 4.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Nagios. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Nagios on centos 6 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Nagios website.