How To Install PhpWiki on CentOS 7

Install PhpWiki on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PhpWiki on CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, PhpWiki is a wiki-based content management software written in PHP, used to create websites where anyone can edit or create the pages using a web browser.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation PhpWiki on CentOS 7 server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 7.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install PhpWiki on CentOS 7

Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.

yum - update

Step 2. Install the LAMP server.

A CentOS 7 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Install Zikula.

Download the latest stable version of PhpWiki, At the moment of writing this article it is version 1.5.4:

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/phpwiki/phpwiki-1.5.4.zip
unzip phpwiki-1.5.4.zip -d /var/www/html/
cd /var/www/html/
mv phpwiki-1.5.4 phpwiki

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown apache:apache -R /var/www/html/phpwiki/

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.


Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the PhpWiki. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for PhpWiki installation:

MariaDB > create database phpwikidb;
MariaDB > grant all privileges on phpwikidb.* to phpwikiuser@localhost identified by 'your-password';
MariaDB > > flush privileges;
MariaDB > quit;

Create tables inside your phpwikidb database:

cd /var/www/html/phpwiki/schemas
mysql -uphpwikiuser -pyour-password phpwikidb < mysql-initialize.sql

Step 5. Configuring Apache webserver.

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache:

nano /etc/httpd/vhosts.d/yourdomain.conf

Add the following lines to it:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@yourdomain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/phpwiki/
ServerName yourdomain.com
ServerAlias www.yourdomain.com
<Directory /var/www/html/phpwiki/>
    DirectoryIndex index.php
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
    ErrorLog logs/yourdomain.com-error_log
    CustomLog logs/yourdomain.com-access_log common

Now, we can restart Apache so that the changes take place:

systemctl restart httpd.service

Create a subdirectory called ‘data’ in the ‘phpwiki’ directory:

mkdir -p /var/www/html/data/

Copy ‘/var/www/html/config/config-dist.ini’ to ‘/var/www/html/phpwiki/config/config.ini’ and edit the settings in ‘/var/www/html/phpwiki/config/config.ini’ file according to your needs. It may be simpler for you to use http://phpwiki.fr/configurator.php to generate the ‘config.ini’ configuration file for PhpWiki:

  • Enter the name of your website, administrator username, and password
  • Make sure you select to use encrypted passwords to be stored in the ‘config.ini’ file and the user’s homepages metadata
  • Set the path to access the log file (e.g. /var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-access_log)
  • Set ‘COMPRESS_OUTPUT’ to true (Always try to compress output)
  • Set ‘HTTP Cache-Control’ to ‘LOOSE’ so cached pages will be invalidated whenever they are edited
  • Select the database backend type to SQL
  • SQL Type (MySQL), SQL User (phpwikiuser) and its password, SQL Database Name (phpwikidb)
  • Set ‘Allow anonymous edit’ and ‘Allow Bogo Login’ to false
  • Set ‘PASSWORD_LENGTH_MINIMUM’ to at least 8 characters
  • Edit part four: ‘Page appearance and layout’ according to your liking and finally click on the ‘Save config/config.ini’ button.

Step 6. Accessing PhpWiki.

PhpWiki content management system will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip-address and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PhpWiki. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the PhpWiki content management system in CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PhpWiki website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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