For those of you who didn’t know, Redis is an open-source, BSD licensed, advanced key-value store. It is often referred to as a data structure server since keys can contain strings, hashes, lists, sets, and sorted sets. Redis also supports datatypes such as Transitions, Publish, and Subscribe. ‘Redis ’ is considered more powerful than ‘Memcache’. It would be smart to bring ‘Redis’ into practice and put ‘Memcache’ down for a while.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Redis on a CentOS 7 server.
Install Redis on CentOS 7
Step 1. First, you need to enable the EPEL repository on your system.
## RHEL/CentOS 7 64-Bit ## # wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-5.noarch.rpm # rpm -ivh epel-release-7-5.noarch.rpm
Step 2. Install Redis with Yum.
yum -y update yum install redis php-pecl-redis
Enable Redis service to start on boot:
systemctl start redis-server.service systemctl enable redis-server.service
Check if Redis is Running:
systemctl is-active redis-server.service
Step 3. Install web interface for Redis.
phpRedisAdmin is a simple web interface to manage Redis databases:
git clone https://github.com/ErikDubbelboer/phpRedisAdmin.git cd phpRedisAdmin/includes cp config.sample.inc.php config.inc.php
Make sure the setting are correct:
Let’s add the RedisAdmin configuration file to Apache:
### nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/redisadmin.conf ### Now add the following ### # # Web Interface for RedisAdmin # <Directory "/downloads/phpRedisAdmin/"> Order Deny,Allow Deny from all Allow from 127.0.0.1 Allow from <your ipaddress> </Directory> Alias /redisAdmin /downloads/phpRedisAdmin Alias /redisadmin /downloads/phpRedisAdmin
Create a Bash Script to make sure Redis is running:
### nano /scripts/redis-check.sh #!/bin/bash PS=$(which ps) GREP=$(which grep) WHEN=$(date +"%Y-%m-%d-%H:%M:%S") if ! $PS aux | $GREP "redis.conf" | $GREP -v grep 2>&1 > /dev/null; then /etc/init.d/redis restart echo 'Restarted Redis @' $WHEN fi #Check Second instance if ! $PS aux | $GREP "redis2.conf" | $GREP -v grep 2>&1 > /dev/null; then /etc/init.d/redis2 restart echo 'Restarted Redis2 @' $WHEN fi
Make the script executable:
chmod +x /scripts/redis-check.sh
Add your script to your cron to run every 3 minutes or so:
### nano /var/spool/cron/root */3 * * * * /bin/bash /script/redis-check.sh >> /var/log/redis-check.log
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Redis. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Redis server on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Redis website.