In this tutorial, we will show you how to install WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) on Windows 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Windows Subsystem for Linux, also called WSL, is a subsystem allowing Windows 11 and Windows 10 users to run Linux distributions like Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, Kali, Alpine, or Suse without any effort and no need to change their daily OS.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of WSL 2 on Windows 11. You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
Install WSL 2 on Windows 11
Step 1. Install and Enable the Windows Subsystem for Linux.
First, open the Start Menu and type “Terminal“. Right-click the Windows Terminal result, then click
Run as Administrator.
Next, run the command below in the Windows console to install WSL:
Wait for Windows 11 to install WSL 2.0 and once done restart your computer. After restart, WSL is ready to use. When you want to update WSL, run the commands below:
Step 2. Installing Your Linux Distribution.
Now you can install the Linux distro of your choice. To list the available distributions to install, simply run the commands below:
wsl --list --online
NAME FRIENDLY NAME Ubuntu Ubuntu Debian Debian GNU/Linux kali-linux Kali Linux Rolling openSUSE-42 openSUSE Leap 42 SLES-12 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server v12 Ubuntu-16.04 Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Ubuntu-18.04 Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Ubuntu-20.04 Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
For example, to install Ubuntu on Windows 11 run the commands below:
wsl --install -d ubuntu-20.04
Once installed, it will launch automatically and you will get a command console to create and set up a default user account:
Installing, this may take a few minutes... Please create a default UNIX user account. The username does not need to match your Windows username. For more information visit: https://aka.ms/wslusers Enter new UNIX username: idroot New password: Retype new password: passwd: password updated successfully Installation successful! To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo
". See "man sudo_root" for details. Welcome to Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-20002-Microsoft x86_64)
Use some troubleshooting commands when you get the issues above. Run the below troubleshooting commands and launch Ubuntu again:
wsl --set-default-version 1 bcdedit /set hypervisorlaunchtype auto start
Step 3. Accessing Windows Subsystem for Linux 2.
Once successfully installed, Open Start Menu and type “Ubuntu”. You’ll see your Ubuntu instance on your Windows 11. Start by clicking on it.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed WSL 2. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest stable version of the Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 (WSL 2). For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Ubuntu website.