In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache ActiveMQ on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache ActiveMQ is a free, multi-protocol, Java-based message broker software written in Java. It supports industry-standard protocols that allow communication between separate applications.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache ActiveMQ on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Apache ActiveMQ on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Installing Java.
To install the open-source version of Java, run the command:
sudo apt install default-jre
Check the java version:
Step 3. Installing Apache ActiveMQ on Ubuntu 20.04.
First, download ActiveMQ from the Apache office package repository:
cd /tmp wget http://archive.apache.org/dist/activemq/5.15.8/apache-activemq-5.15.8-bin.tar.gz
Next, extract the downloaded folder and move its content to the
/opt directory and create a folder called
tar -xvzf apache-activemq-5.15.8-bin.tar.gz sudo mv apache-activemq-5.15.8 /opt/activemq
After that, run the following commands below to create a username
activemq as well as a group name:
sudo addgroup --quiet --system activemq sudo adduser --quiet --system --ingroup activemq --no-create-home --disabled-password activemq sudo chown -R activemq:activemq /opt/activemq
Step 4. Create Apache ActiveMQ Systemd.
Run the commands below to create a service file:
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/activemq.service
[Unit] Description=Apache ActiveMQ After=network.target [Service] Type=forking User=activemq Group=activemq ExecStart=/opt/activemq/bin/activemq start ExecStop=/opt/activemq/bin/activemq stop [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
After saving it, run the commands below to enable the service:
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start activemq sudo systemctl enable activemq
Step 5. Accessing Apache ActiveMQ.
ActiveMQ will be available on HTTP port 8161 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://your-server-ip/8161/admin/ and you should be prompted for a username and password. The default is admin/admin
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache ActiveMQ. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Apache ActiveMQ in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Apache ActiveMQ website.