How To Install Apache Cassandra on Debian 9

Install Apache Cassandra on Debian 9

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Cassandra on your Debian 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Cassandra is a NoSQL database intended for storing large amounts of data in a decentralized, highly available cluster. NoSQL refers to a database with a data model other than the tabular relations used in relational databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft SQL. The Apache Cassandra database is the right choice when you need scalability and high availability without compromising performance.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache Cassandra NoSql on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 9 (Stretch)
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Apache Cassandra on Debian 9 Stretch

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal:

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Installing Java.

Cassandra needs Java application to be running on your server, make sure you have installed the latest Java version:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/java-8-debian.list

And add the following two lines at the end of the file:

deb trusty main 
deb-src trusty main

Now import the GPG key on your system for validating packages before installing them:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys EEA14886

Then, you will need to fully update the system with the following command and install it:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Step 2. Installing Cassandra.

We will install Cassandra using the official package available on Apache Software Foundation:


Unpack the archive:

tar -xvzf apache-cassandra-3.11.1-bin.tar.gz
mv apache-cassandra-3.11.1 ~/cassandra

Create the needed directories:

mkdir /var/lib/cassandra
mkdir /var/log/cassandra

Set Cassandra’s variables by running:

export CASSANDRA_HOME=~/cassandra

Next, You can run a single-node test cluster of Cassandra with the following commands:

sh ~/cassandra/bin/cassandra
sh ~/cassandra/bin/cassandra-cli

If you get “Connected to: ‘Test Cluster” you are running your single-node cluster successfully.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache Cassandra. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Apache Cassandra NoSql on the Debian 9 Stretch server. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache Cassandra website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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