How To Install Apache Kafka on CentOS 8

Install Apache Kafka on CentOS 8

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Kafka on CentOS 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Kafka is a distributed message agent designed to deal with huge volumes of real-time information effectively. Unlike traditional agents like ActiveMQ and RabbitMQ, Kafka functions as a bunch of one or more servers that makes it highly scalable and because of the distributed nature, it’s inbuilt fault-tolerance whilst providing greater throughput when compared to its counterparts.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache Kafka on a CentOS 8 server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 8.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Apache Kafka on CentOS 8

Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.

sudo dnf update

Step 2. Installing Java.

Apache Kafka requires Java to be installed on your server. You can install OpenJDK on your machine by executing the following command:

sudo dnf install java-11-openjdk

Verify the Java version by running the following command:

java -version

Step 3. Installing Apache Kafka on CentOS 8.

First, download and extract Kafka from the Apache website. You can use wget to download Kafka:

wget http://www-us.apache.org/dist/kafka/2.4.0/kafka_2.13-2.4.0.tgz

Then extract the archive file:

tar xzf kafka_2.13-2.4.0.tgz
mv kafka_2.13-2.4.0 /usr/local/kafka

Step 4. Setup Kafka Systemd Unit Files.

First, create systemd unit file for Zookeeper with the below command:

nano /etc/systemd/system/zookeeper.service

Add below content:

Description=Apache Zookeeper server
Requires=network.target remote-fs.target
After=network.target remote-fs.target

ExecStart=/usr/local/kafka/bin/zookeeper-server-start.sh /usr/local/kafka/config/zookeeper.properties


Then, to create a Kafka systemd unit file using the following command:

nano /etc/systemd/system/kafka.service

Add the below content:

Description=Apache Kafka Server

ExecStart=/usr/local/kafka/bin/kafka-server-start.sh /usr/local/kafka/config/server.properties


Reload the systemd daemon to apply changes:

systemctl daemon-reload

Step 5. Start Kafka Server.

Kafka required ZooKeeper so first, start a ZooKeeper server on your system:

sudo systemctl start zookeeper

Next, start the Kafka server and view the running status:

sudo systemctl start kafka
sudo systemctl status kafka

Step 6. Creating Topics in Apache Kafka.

The “producer” is the process responsible for put data into our Kafka. The Kafka comes with a command-line client that will take input from a file or from standard input and send it out as messages to the Kafka cluster:

cd /usr/local/kafka
bin/kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper localhost:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 1 --topic testTopic

Created topic NewTopic.

You can create multiple topics by running the same command as above. After that, you can see the created topics on Kafka by the running below command:

bin/kafka-topics.sh --list --zookeeper localhost:2181


Step 7. Apache Kafka Producer and Consumer.

Let’s run the producer and then type a few messages into the console to send to the server:

bin/kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list localhost:9092 --topic NewTopic

>Welcome to kafka
>This is my new topic

Kafka also has a command-line consumer to read data from Kafka cluster and display messages to standard output:

bin/kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --topic NewTopic --from-beginning

Welcome to kafka
This is my new topic

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache Kafka. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Apache Kafka in CentOS 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache Kafka website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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