How To Install Apache Maven on Debian 10

Install Apache Maven on Debian 10

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Maven on Debian 10. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Maven is a free and open-source project management tool used for Java projects. You can easily handle a project’s build, reporting, and documentation from a central piece of advice using Apache Maven. Apache Maven provides a complete framework to automate the job’s Build infrastructure.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache Maven on a Debian 10 (Buster) server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 10 (Buster).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Apache Maven on Debian 10 Buster

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

apt update
apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Apache Maven on Debian 10.

  • Install Apache Maven on Debian using apt
sudo apt update
sudo apt install maven

Run the mvn -version command to verify the installation:

mvn -version
  • Install the Latest Release of Apache Maven from the source:

First, install OpenJDK:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install default-jdk

Verify the Java version:

java -version

Next, go to Apache Maven’s download page and download the latest stable version of Apache Maven, At the moment of writing this article it is version 3.6.3:

wget -P /tmp
sudo tar xf /tmp/apache-maven-*.tar.gz -C /opt
sudo ln -s /opt/apache-maven-3.6.3 /opt/maven

Step 3. Setup Environment Variables.

Now set the environments variables by creating a new file /etc/profile.d/

nano /etc/profile.d/

Add the following content:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java
export M2_HOME=/opt/maven
export MAVEN_HOME=/opt/maven
export PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}

Then, make the script executable using the following command:

sudo chmod +x /etc/profile.d/

Next load the environment variables in the current shell using the following command:

source /etc/profile.d/

Step 4. Verify Installation.

Once everything has been successfully configured, check the version of the Apache Maven:

$ mvn -version

Apache Maven 3.6.3 (cecedd34300269meilanamaria2b541b8a6ba2883f)
Maven home: /opt/maven
Java version: 11.0.6, vendor: Debian, runtime: /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "linux", version: "4.20.0-8-amd64", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Maven. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Apache Maven open-source data visualization and monitoring suite on the Debian 10 Buster system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Apache Maven website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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