How To Install Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

How To Install Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Spark is a fast and general-purpose cluster computing system. It provides high-level APIs in Java, Scala, and Python, and also an optimized engine that supports overall execution charts. It also supports a rich set of higher-level tools including Spark SQL for SQL and structured information processing, MLlib for machine learning, GraphX for graph processing, and Spark Streaming.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache Spark on an Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Installing Java.

Apache Spark requires Java to be installed on your server. By default, Java is not available in Ubuntu’s repository. Add the Oracle Java PPA to Apt with the following command:

add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
apt-get update -y
apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify the Java version by running the following command:

java -version

Step 3. Installing Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

Install Apache Spark using the following command:

tar xvzf spark-2.3.1-bin-hadoop2.7.tgz
ln -s spark-2.3.1-bin-hadoop2.7 spark

Adding Spark to Path:

nano ~/.bashrc

Next, add these lines to the end of the .bashrc file so that path can contain the Spark executable file path:


To activate these changes, run the following command for bashrc file:

source ~/.bashrc

Launching Spark Shell:


Step 4. Accessing Apache Spark.

Apache Spark will be available on HTTP port 4040 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to or http://server-ip:40404 and complete the required steps to finish the installation.

Install Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache Spark. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Apache Spark on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache Spark website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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