How To Install Apache Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install Apache Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Subversion is an open-source version control system. It helps you keep track of a collection of files and folders. Any time you change, add or delete a file or folder that you manage with Subversion, you commit these changes to your Subversion repository, which creates a new revision in your repository reflecting these changes. You can always go back, look at and get the contents of previous revisions. SVN supports several protocols for network access: SVN, SVN+SSH, HTTP, HTTPS. If you are behind a firewall, HTTP-based Subversion is advantageous since SVN traffic will go through the firewall without any additional firewall ruleset.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install Apache Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Apache webserver.

Before starting, Apache web server must be installed on your server. If not installed, you can install it with the following command:

sudo apt install apache2 apache2-utils

Step 3. Installing Apache Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04.

Run the following command to install SVN and all dependencies needed for SVN:

sudo apt install subversion libapache2-mod-svn subversion-tools libsvn-dev

Once the package is installed, Now enable Apache2 modules to run SVN to function:

sudo a2enmod dav
sudo a2enmod dav_svn
sudo systemctl start apache2.service

Step 4. Configure Apache Subversion.

Subversion Apache module package creates a configuration file /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dav_svn.conf.You just need to make the necessary changes to it.

Step 5. Create First SVN Repository.

Create your first svn repository named first repo, You can use any suitable name:

sudo mkdir /var/www/svn
sudo svnadmin create /var/www/svn/project
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/svn
sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/svn

Step 6. Create an account and password for SVN.

Following commands will add users for svn. It will prompt for users password to be assigned.

sudo htpasswd -cm /etc/apache2/dav_svn.passwd idroot
sudo htpasswd -m /etc/apache2/dav_svn.passwd meilana

Next, restart Apache2 server with the below command:

sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Step 7. Accessing Repository in Browser.

Subversion will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com/svn/project/ or http://your-server-ip/svn/project/ and will prompt for authentication. Use login credentials created in Step 6. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache SVN. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Subversion on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache Subversion website.

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