In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache ZooKeeper on CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Zookeeper is brief is a distributed state manager that may be employed by many clusters to keep the state across its clusters. Like HBase can utilize Zookeeper to keep state across its own set of clusters without having to have cluster country within it.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache ZooKeeper on the CentOS 7 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 7.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Apache ZooKeeper
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
yum clean all yum -y update
Step 2. Installing Java.
At the time of writing this tutorial, the latest Java JDK version was JDK 8u45. First, let us download the latest Java SE Development Kit 8 release from its official download page or use the following commands to download from the shell:
cd /opt/ wget --no-cookies --no-check-certificate --header "Cookie: gpw_e24=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.oracle.com%2F; oraclelicense=accept-securebackup-cookie" "http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u45-b14/jdk-8u45-linux-x64.tar.gz" tar xzf jdk-8u45-linux-x64.tar.gz
After extracting the archive file use the alternatives command to install it. alternatives command is available in
chkconfig the package:
cd /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/ alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/bin/java 2 alternatives --config java There are 3 programs which provide 'java'. Selection Command ----------------------------------------------- * 1 /opt/jdk1.7.0_71/bin/java + 2 /opt/jdk1.8.0_25/bin/java 3 /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/bin/java Enter to keep the current selection[+], or type selection number: 3
At this point, JAVA 8 (JDK 8u45) has been successfully installed on your system. We also recommend to setup javac and jar commands path using alternatives:
alternatives --install /usr/bin/jar jar /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/bin/jar 2 alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/bin/javac 2 alternatives --set jar /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/bin/jar alternatives --set javac /opt/jdk1.8.0_45/bin/javac
Checking the Installed java version:
firstname.lastname@example.org ~# java -version java version "1.8.0_45" Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_45-b14) Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.45-b02, mixed mode)
We can easily set the environment variables using the export command as shown below:
Setup JAVA_HOME Variable:
Setup JRE_HOME Variable:
Setup PATH Variable:
Step 3. Install Apache ZooKeeper.
First, install the ZooKeeper framework on your machine, visit the following link, and download the latest version of ZooKeeper:
cd opt/ tar -zxf zookeeper-3.4.11.tar.gz cd zookeeper-3.4.6 mkdir data
Next, open the configuration file named
conf/zoo.cfg and all the following parameters to set as a starting point:
### nano conf/zoo.cfg tickTime = 2000 dataDir = /path/to/zookeeper/data clientPort = 2181 initLimit = 5 syncLimit = 2
Then, start the ZooKeeper server:
After executing this command, you will get a response as follows:
JMX enabled by default Using config: /Users/../zookeeper-3.4.11/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg Starting zookeeper ... STARTED
Next step, Start CLI and type the following command:
After typing the above command, you will be connected to the ZooKeeper server and you should get the following response:
Connecting to localhost:2181 ................ ................ ................ Welcome to ZooKeeper! ................ ................ WATCHER:: WatchedEvent state:SyncConnected type: None path:null [zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 0]
After connecting the server and performing all the operations, you can stop the zookeeper server by using the following command:
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache ZooKeeper. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Apache ZooKeeper on CentOS 7 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Apache ZooKeeper website.