How To Install ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, ArangoDB is an open-source NoSQL database with an open-source year and a flexible data model for documents, key values ​​, and graphs. This database is easily managed using the integrated web interface or command-line interface.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install curl apt-transport-https

Step 2. Installing ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04.

Now run the following command to add an apt repository to your system:

echo 'deb https://download.arangodb.com/arangodb34/DEBIAN/ /' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/arangodb.list

Next, import the GPG key used for signing the packages:

wget -q https://download.arangodb.com/arangodb34/DEBIAN/Release.key -O- | sudo apt-key add -

After that, we can install the ArangoDB software using the following command:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install arangodb3

If you had miss to set root password during installation, you can secure ArangoDB after installation by running:

sudo arango-secure-installation

Once the installation has been completed, start the ArangoDB service and enable it to start at system reboot with the following command:

sudo systemctl start arangodb3
sudo systemctl enable arangodb3

Step 3. Accessing the ArangoDB Shell.

ArangoDB comes with a command-line utility to manage the databases. You can connect the ArangoDB shell with the following command:

arangosh

Output:

$ arangosh
Please specify a password:                                        _     
  __ _ _ __ __ _ _ __   __ _  ___  ___| |__  
 / _` | '__/ _` | '_ \ / _` |/ _ \/ __| '_ \ 
| (_| | | | (_| | | | | (_| | (_) \__ \ | | |
 \__,_|_|  \__,_|_| |_|\__, |\___/|___/_| |_|
                       |___/                 

arangosh (ArangoDB 3.4.9 [linux] 64bit, using jemalloc, build tags/v3.4.9-0-g1001202f8, VPack 0.1.33, RocksDB 5.16.0, ICU 58.1, V8 5.7.492.77, OpenSSL 1.1.0l  20 May 2021)
Copyright (c) ArangoDB GmbH

Command-line history will be persisted when the shell is exited.
Connected to ArangoDB 'http+tcp://127.0.0.1:8529' version: 3.4.9 [SINGLE, server], database: '_system', username: 'root'

Type 'tutorial' for a tutorial or 'help' to see common examples
127.0.0.1:[email protected]_system>

Now, create a database named mydb with the following command:

127.0.0.1:[email protected]_system> db._createDatabase("mydb");

Next, create a database user with the following command:

127.0.0.1:[email protected]_system> var users = require("@arangodb/users");
127.0.0.1:[email protected]_system> users.save("[email protected]", "your-strong-password");

Output:

{
  "user" : "[email protected]",
  "active" : true,
  "extra" : {
  },
  "code" : 201
}

Next, grant all the privileges to the mydb database with the following command:

127.0.0.1:[email protected]_system> users.grantDatabase("[email protected]", "mydb");

Now, exit from the ArangoDB shell with the following command:

127.0.0.1:[email protected]_system> exit

Step 4. Accessing ArangoDB Web Interface.

ArangoDB server comes with a built-in web interface for administration. It lets you manage databases, collections, documents, users, graphs, run and explain queries, see server stats, and much more. You can configure it by editing the file /etc/arangodb3/arangod.conf:

nano /etc/arangodb3/arangod.conf

Find the following line:

endpoint = tcp://127.0.0.1:8529

And replace it with the following line:

endpoint = tcp://your-server-ip-address:8529

Restart ArangoDB service after making this change:

sudo systemctl restart arangodb3

Now open your web browser and go to http://your-server-ip-address:8529 and you will see the following:

Install ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04

Congratulations! You have successfully installed ArangoDB. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing ArangoDB on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official ArangoDB website.

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