UbuntuUbuntu Based

How To Install Asterisk on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

Install Asterisk on Ubuntu 22.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Asterisk on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Asterisk, a powerful open-source PBX platform, has revolutionized the world of telecommunication. From small businesses to large enterprises, Asterisk is the go-to solution for IP PBX systems, VoIP gateways, and conference servers. With a plethora of features such as call queuing, interactive voice response, conference calling, music on hold, and voicemail, it offers a comprehensive solution for all telecommunication needs.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Asterisk on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 22.04, 20.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Asterisk.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Asterisk on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish

Step 1. Before diving into the installation process, it’s crucial to ensure your system is up-to-date. An updated system not only ensures smooth installation but also provides enhanced security and performance. Run the following commands to update your system packages:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install wget apt-transport-https gnupg2 software-properties-common

Step 2. Installing Necessary Dependencies

Next, install the necessary dependencies. These are essential for the successful compilation and installation of Asterisk:

sudo apt-get install build-essential
sudo apt-get install git-core subversion wget libjansson-dev sqlite autoconf automake libxml2-dev libncurses5-dev libtool

Step 3. Installing Asterisk on Ubuntu 22.04.

With the system prepared, it’s time to download the Asterisk source. Use the following command to download the latest version of Asterisk:

wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-20-current.tar.gz

Once the download is complete, extract the Asterisk file using the following command:

tar xvf asterisk-16-current.tar.gz

Navigate to the Asterisk directory:

cd asterisk-20*

Now, initiate the compilation process. This might take some time, depending on your system’s performance:

sudo make -j2

After the compilation process is complete, install Asterisk and its modules:

sudo make install

After successfully installing Asterisk, it’s time to create an Asterisk user and group. This enhances the security of your Asterisk installation:

sudo adduser --system --group --home /var/lib/asterisk --no-create-home --gecos "Asterisk PBX" asterisk

Set the correct permissions for the Asterisk user:

sudo chown -R asterisk: /var/{lib,log,run,spool}/asterisk /usr/lib/asterisk /etc/asterisk
sudo chmod -R 750 /var/{lib,log,run,spool}/asterisk /usr/lib/asterisk /etc/asterisk

Restart the Asterisk service:

sudo systemctl restart asterisk

Enable the Asterisk service to start on system boot:

sudo systemctl enable asterisk

Step 4. Configuring Asterisk.

To make Asterisk functional, you need to configure it according to your needs. Start by editing the users.conf file:

sudo nano /etc/asterisk/users.conf

Add users to the file:

fullname = Example Bob
secret = 1234
hassip = yes
context = users
host = dynamic

fullname = Example Joe
secret = 1234
hassip = yes
context = users
host = dynamic

Save the file and reload the configuration:

sudo asterisk -rx 'core reload'

Step 5. Connecting to Asterisk CLI.

To manage your Asterisk server, you need to connect to the Asterisk CLI. Use the following command:

sudo asterisk -rvv

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Asterisk. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Asterisk open-source PBX platform on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Asterisk website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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