In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Cacti Monitoring on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Cacti is an open-source, web-based network monitoring and graphing tool designed as a front-end application for the open-source, industry-standard data logging tool RRDtool. It is used by IT businesses and stores all of the necessary information about bandwidth, hard disk usage, CPU usage, load average, RAM statistics, etc in a MySQL database. Cacti create graphs and populate them with data. It offers SNMP support, 3rd party templates, and plugins and has built-in user authentications and user permission features.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Cacti Monitoring on a Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Cacti Monitoring on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
A Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Cacti. Run the following command:
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Cacti installation:
The newly created database user (cactiuser) should have access to the mysql.time_zone_name Table. To do that, import the mysql_test_data_timezone.sql to mysql database:
Then, log in to MariaDB:
Grant the permission to cactiuser:
Step 4. Installing the Cacti packages.
Install SNMP and SNMP and RRDtools:
Now use the following command to install Cacti:
During the installation process, you will be prompted to configure Cacti with few options to select from available options. First of all, Choose the web server that you wish to use for configuring with Cacti like we are using Apache and then press the ‘OK’ key to continue:
Now it will ask you for a web server that you will use it, we choose Apache2 since that’s what we installed in the dependencies.
Next, it will ask to configure the Cacti database, select Yes.
Now it will ask for your root password of MySQL/MariaDB database.
Once the installation process is complete, you will have to restart all services to reflect the changes made:
Step 5. Accessing cacti.
Cacti will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/cacti or http://server-ip/cacti and complete the required steps to finish the installation. You will get the “Cacti Installation Guide” on screen. Click on the ‘Next’ button.
On the next screen, you will get drop-down button. Because of this fresh installation select ‘New Install’ and click the ‘Next’ button.
Cacti will now check for the packages it needs to run properly. Make sure all the checks appear with an “OK” status and then click Finish.
The next page is the login page. The first time you log into Cacti, use admin as username and password.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Cacti. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Cacti Monitoring on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Cacti Monitoring website.