In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Composer on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Composer is a popular dependency manager for PHP. It functions as some sort of project manager that helps the programmer manage dependencies that will be used on a project-to-project basis.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Composer on an AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Rocky Linux.
Install Composer on AlmaLinux 8
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
sudo dnf update sudo dnf install epel-release
Step 2. Installing PHP.
Run the following commands to install the PHP CLI (command-line interface) package and all other dependencies:
sudo dnf install @php
Step 3. Installing Composer on AlmaLinux 8.
Once PHP CLI is installed, download the Composer installer script:
wget https://getcomposer.org/installer -O composer-installer.php
Once the installer is downloaded, we can install Composer on our AlmaLinux system using the command below:
php composer-installer.php --filename=composer --install-dir=/usr/local/bin
Verify the PHP Composer version once the installation is done:
[firstname.lastname@example.org ~]# composer --version Composer version 2.0.11 2021-05-07 14:11:22
To check the usage page, use:
$ composer ______ / ____/___ ____ ___ ____ ____ ________ _____ / / / __ \/ __ `__ \/ __ \/ __ \/ ___/ _ \/ ___/ / /___/ /_/ / / / / / / /_/ / /_/ (__ ) __/ / \____/\____/_/ /_/ /_/ .___/\____/____/\___/_/ /_/ Composer version 2.0.11 2021-05-07 14:12:04 Usage: command [options] [arguments] Options: -h, --help Display this help message -q, --quiet Do not output any message -V, --version Display this application version --ansi Force ANSI output --no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, --no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question --profile Display timing and memory usage information --no-plugins Whether to disable plugins. -d, --working-dir=WORKING-DIR If specified, use the given directory as working directory. --no-cache Prevent use of the cache -v|vv|vvv, --verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug Available commands: about Shows the short information about Composer. archive Creates an archive of this composer package. browse Opens the package's repository URL or homepage in your browser. check-platform-reqs Check that platform requirements are satisfied. clear-cache Clears composer's internal package cache. clearcache Clears composer's internal package cache. config Sets config options. create-project Creates new project from a package into given directory. depends Shows which packages cause the given package to be installed. diagnose Diagnoses the system to identify common errors. dump-autoload Dumps the autoloader. dumpautoload Dumps the autoloader. exec Executes a vendored binary/script. global Allows running commands in the global composer dir ($COMPOSER_HOME). help Displays help for a command home Opens the package's repository URL or homepage in your browser. i Installs the project dependencies from the composer.lock file if present, or falls back on the composer.json. info Shows information about packages. init Creates a basic composer.json file in current directory. install Installs the project dependencies from the composer.lock file if present, or falls back on the composer.json. licenses Shows information about licenses of dependencies. list Lists commands outdated Shows a list of installed packages that have updates available, including their latest version. prohibits Shows which packages prevent the given package from being installed. remove Removes a package from the require or require-dev. require Adds required packages to your composer.json and installs them. run Runs the scripts defined in composer.json. run-script Runs the scripts defined in composer.json. search Searches for packages. self-update Updates composer.phar to the latest version. selfupdate Updates composer.phar to the latest version. show Shows information about packages. status Shows a list of locally modified packages, for packages installed from source. suggests Shows package suggestions. u Upgrades your dependencies to the latest version according to composer.json, and updates the composer.lock file. update Upgrades your dependencies to the latest version according to composer.json, and updates the composer.lock file. upgrade Upgrades your dependencies to the latest version according to composer.json, and updates the composer.lock file. validate Validates a composer.json and composer.lock. why Shows which packages cause the given package to be installed. why-not Shows which packages prevent the given package from being installed.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Composer. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Composer on your AlmaLinux 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Composer website.