DebianDebian Based

How To Install Composer on Debian 12

Install Composer on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Composer on Debian 12. For those of you who didn’t know, Composer has become an essential tool for PHP developers, enabling efficient management of package dependencies in their projects. With Composer, you can easily add, update, and remove PHP packages, libraries, and frameworks, simplifying the development process and ensuring code integrity.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you step-by-step install Composer on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Composer.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Composer on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install build-essential curl php-cli php-mbstring git unzip

This command will refresh the repository, allowing you to install the latest versions of software packages.

Step 2. Installing Composer on Debian 12.

Now, it’s time to download the Composer installation script and verify its integrity. Execute the following commands:

php -r "copy('', 'composer-setup.php');"

Now that we have the Composer installation script, we can move the executable file to a globally accessible location on our system. Run the following command:

sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

To verify that Composer is successfully installed on your Debian system, run the following command:

composer --version

If the installation was successful, you will see the Composer version information displayed on the screen, indicating that Composer is ready for use.

Step 3. Testing Composer.

To ensure that Composer is working correctly, let’s create a sample project using Composer and run a simple command to manage dependencies.

mkdir myproject
cd myproject

Initialize a new Composer project:

composer init

This command will interactively guide you through the process of setting up a new Composer project, including specifying the package name, description, author details, and more.

Step 4. Troubleshooting.

While installing Composer on Debian 12 is generally straightforward, you may encounter some common issues. Here are a few troubleshooting tips:

  1. Proxy configuration: If you are behind a proxy, make sure to configure the proxy settings for both your system and Composer. Refer to the official Composer documentation for detailed instructions.
  2. Outdated dependencies: If you encounter dependency conflicts or errors during the installation process, update your system packages and try again. Run sudo apt update to update the package lists and sudo apt upgrade to upgrade installed packages.
  3. Hash verification failure: If the Composer installation script fails the hash verification, it could indicate a corrupted file. Delete the composer-setup.php file and repeat the download and verification process.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Composer. Thanks for using this tutorial to install Composer on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Composer website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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