UbuntuUbuntu Based

How To Install Consul Server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

Install Consul Server on Ubuntu 22.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Consul Server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. Consul, a powerful service mesh and distributed networking tool, has become increasingly popular among developers and system administrators. It provides features such as service discovery, health checking, configuration management, and secure service communication.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Consul Server on Ubuntu 22.04. You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 22.04, 20.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • Access the terminal on your Ubuntu system, where we’ll execute the commands for a seamless Roundcube installation.
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Consul Server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish

Step 1. To begin, update your Ubuntu system to ensure you have the latest packages and security patches. Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

These commands will refresh the package index and upgrade any outdated packages to their latest versions.

Step 2. Installing Dependencies.

Consul requires a few dependencies to function properly. Install them by executing the following command:

sudo apt install unzip curl gnupg

Step 3. Installing Consul Server on Ubuntu.

To ensure the authenticity of the Consul package, add HashiCorp’s GPG key to your system’s trusted keys. Run the following command to download and add the key:

curl -fsSL https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com/gpg | sudo apt-key add -

Next, add the official HashiCorp Linux repository for Ubuntu to your system’s package sources. This will allow you to install and update Consul using the apt package manager. Execute the following command:

sudo apt-add-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com $(lsb_release -cs) main"

After adding the repository, update the package index to include the newly added source:

sudo apt update

With the HashiCorp repository added and the package index updated, you can now install Consul. Run the following command:

sudo apt install consul

To verify the installation, run:

consul version

If the installation was successful, you should see the version number of Consul printed in the terminal.

Step 4. Configure Consul Server.

To set up Consul as a server, you need to create a configuration file. Start by creating a directory to store the configuration:

sudo mkdir /etc/consul.d

Open a new configuration file using your preferred text editor:

sudo nano /etc/consul.d/server.hcl

Add the following configuration to the file:

datacenter = "dc1"
data_dir = "/opt/consul"
server = true
bootstrap_expect = 1
ui_config {
enabled = true
bind_addr = ""
client_addr = ""
advertise_addr = "{{ GetInterfaceIP \"eth0\" }}"

This configuration sets up Consul as a server in the “dc1” datacenter, enables the web UI, and configures the network addresses.

Step 5. Configure Systemd.

To manage the Consul service using systemd, create a unit file. Open a new file using your text editor:

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/consul.service

Add the following content to the file:

Description=Consul Service Discovery Agent

ExecStart=/usr/bin/consul agent -config-dir=/etc/consul.d
ExecReload=/bin/kill -HUP $MAINPID


Save the file and exit the text editor, then reload the systemd daemon to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Start the Consul service and enable it to start automatically on system boot:

sudo systemctl start consul
sudo systemctl enable consul

Step 6. Open Required Ports.

To allow incoming connections to Consul, open the required ports using the UFW firewall. Run the following commands:

sudo ufw allow 8300/tcp
sudo ufw allow 8301/tcp
sudo ufw allow 8301/udp
sudo ufw allow 8302/tcp
sudo ufw allow 8302/udp
sudo ufw allow 8500/tcp
sudo ufw allow 8600/tcp
sudo ufw allow 8600/udp

These commands open the necessary ports for Consul’s communication and web UI access.

Step 7. Verify Consul Installation.

To verify that Consul is running correctly, check the member status by executing:

consul members

You should see the Consul server listed as a member of the cluster.

Access the Consul web UI by opening a web browser and navigating to http://your-server-ip:8500. You should see the Consul web interface displaying the cluster’s status and services.

Install Consul Server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish

You can also query the Consul HTTP API to retrieve information about the cluster. For example, to retrieve the list of registered services, run:

curl http://localhost:8500/v1/catalog/services

Step 8. Troubleshooting Common Issues.

If you encounter any issues during the installation or operation of Consul, consider the following troubleshooting tips:

  • Consul service fails to start: Check the Consul log file (/var/log/consul/consul.log) for any error messages. Ensure that the configuration file is properly formatted and contains valid options.
  • Firewall blocking Consul ports: Verify that the required ports (8300, 8301, 8302, 8500, 8600) are open in your firewall configuration. Use the ufw status command to check the firewall rules.
  • Errors in Consul configuration files: Double-check the syntax and options in your Consul configuration files. Make sure there are no typos or missing values.
  • Consul nodes not joining the cluster: Ensure that the network connectivity between the nodes is functioning correctly. Verify that the bind_addr, client_addr, and advertise_addr options are set correctly in the configuration file.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed the Consul Server. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Consul Server on the Ubuntu system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Consul HashiCorp website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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