In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Docker Compose on Debian 9 Stretch server. For those of you who didn’t know, Docker is an open-source project that automates the deployment of the application inside the software container. The container allows the developer to package up all project resources such as libraries, dependencies, assets, etc. Docker is written in a Go Programming language and is developed by Dotcloud. It is basically a container engine that uses the Linux Kernel features like namespaces and control groups to create containers on top of an operating system and automates the application deployment on the container.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Docker Compose the latest version on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 9 (Stretch).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Docker Compose on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing Docker on Debian.
On Linux systems, first, install the Docker for your OS as described on the Get Docker page, then come back here for instructions on installing Compose on Linux systems.
Step 3. Install Docker Compose on Debian 9.
First, install Docker Compose from Docker’s GitHub repository:
sudo curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.23.1/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
Next, we’ll set the permissions:
sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
Verify the installation:
Step 4. Running Container with Docker Compose.
In this section we will show how to use Docker Compose to manage WordPress on your Linux Debian 9 system:
mkdir wordpress_app cd wordpress_app
Open your text editor (nano) and create a file named docker-compose.yml inside the project directory:
Add the following content:
version: '3.3' services: db: image: mysql:5.7 restart: always volumes: - db_data:/var/lib/mysql environment: MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: password MYSQL_DATABASE: wordpress wordpress: image: wordpress restart: always volumes: - ./wp_data:/var/www/html ports: - "8080:80" environment: WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: db:3306 WORDPRESS_DB_NAME: wordpress WORDPRESS_DB_USER: root WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: password depends_on: - db volumes: db_data: wp_data:
From the project directory, start up the WordPress application by running the following command:
http://0.0.0.0:8080/ in your browser and you will see the WordPress installation screen.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Docker Compose. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Docker Compose on Debian 9 Stretch server. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Docker website.