How To Install Drupal on Linux Mint 20

Install Drupal on Linux Mint 20

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Drupal on Linux Mint 20. For those of you who didn’t know, Drupal is one of the most popular open-source CMS platforms worldwide. It is written in PHP, Drupal is an open-source and free CMS that is used for creating stunning blogs and websites. It provides a wide variety of tools, templates, and plugins to create powerful and elegant websites with excellent security and reliability. It’s both a backend and front-end platform, with the backend riding on MySQL database and the front-end powered by PHP and Javascript.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Drupal content management systems on a Linux Mint 20 (Ulyana) server.

Install Drupal on Linux Mint 20 Ulyana

Step 1. Before running the tutorial below, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update

Step 2. Installing LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, and PHP) server.

A Linux Mint LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Drupal on Linux Mint 20.

Now we download the Drupal installation package using wget the command:

wget https://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-9.1.9.zip

Extract the compressed file to create the Drupal directory structure:

unzip drupal-9.1.9.zip
mv drupal-9.1.4 /var/www/drupal

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R www-data.www-data /var/www/drupal
chmod -R 755 /var/www/drupal

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for WordPress.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Drupal. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Drupal installation:

CREATE DATABASE mydrupaldb;
CREATE USER ‘mydrupal_user’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘your-strong_password’;
GRANT ALL ON mydrupaldb.* TO ‘mydrupal_user’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘your-strong_password’;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES
EXIT

Step 5. Configuring Apache for Drupal.

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘drupal.conf’ on your virtual server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/drupal.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/drupal.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/drupal.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/drupal.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin [email protected]
DocumentRoot /var/www/drupal
ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
<Directory /var/www/drupal/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:

sudo a2ensite drupal.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite 
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Step 6. Configure Firewall

In case, you enabled UFW firewall and firewall block requests of the apache web server, open a port in the firewall:

sudo ufw allow 80/tcp
sudo ufw allow 443/tcp
sudo ufw reload

Step 7. Accessing a Drupal Web Interface.

Drupal will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com and complete the required steps to finish the installation.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Drupal. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Drupal CMS on the Linux Mint system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Drupal website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!