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How To Install FireBird on Debian 12

Install FireBird on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install FireBird on Debian 12. Firebird is a powerful, open-source relational database management system that has been gaining popularity among developers and organizations worldwide. Known for its stability, performance, and cross-platform compatibility, Firebird is an excellent choice for those seeking a robust database solution.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the FireBird open-source relational database management on Debian 12 (Bookworm).


Before proceeding with the installation of FireBird on Debian 12, ensure you meet the following requirements:

  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies.
  • A user account with sudo privileges to execute administrative commands.

Install FireBird on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. Before installing any new software on your Debian 12 system, it’s a best practice to ensure that your existing packages are up to date. This step helps to avoid potential conflicts and ensures that you have the latest security patches and bug fixes.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Required Dependencies.

Firebird relies on several dependencies to function properly on Debian 12. These dependencies include libraries and packages that provide essential functionality for the database server. To install the required dependencies, run the following command:

sudo apt install libncurses5 libtommath1 libicu70

If you encounter any missing dependencies during the installation process, you can install them individually using the apt install command. For example, if you receive an error related to the libicu package, you can try installing a different version:

sudo apt install libicu66

Step 3. Installing FireBird on Debian 12.

With the dependencies installed, it’s time to download the Firebird installer. To download the Firebird Superserver installer, visit the official Firebird website and locate the appropriate installer for your system architecture (32-bit or 64-bit):


Extract the installer archive to a directory of your choice using a compatible archive utility:

tar -xvf Firebird-

With the installer extracted, navigate to the directory containing the installation files using the terminal. Run the script with sudo privileges:

sudo ./

The installer will guide you through the installation process, prompting you to specify various options and configurations.

  • Installation Paths: You’ll be asked to specify the installation paths for Firebird components, such as the root directory, database directory, and security database directory. Unless you have specific requirements, you can accept the default paths.
  • SYSDBA Password: During the installation, you’ll be prompted to set a password for the SYSDBA (System Database Administrator) user. This user has full control over the Firebird database and should be treated with utmost care. Choose a strong and secure password.
  • Server Architecture: You’ll be asked to choose the server architecture for Firebird. As mentioned earlier, the Superserver architecture is recommended for most use cases, but you can also select Classic or SuperClassic if your specific requirements demand it.

Once you’ve provided the necessary information, the installer will proceed with the installation process. Upon completion, you’ll receive a confirmation message indicating a successful installation.

Step 4. Test Firebird Installation.

With Firebird installed and configured, it’s time to test the installation and ensure that everything is working as expected.

  • Connect to Firebird using isql-fb: The isql-fb tool is a command-line utility that allows you to interact with the Firebird database server. Run the following command to connect to the server:

You’ll be prompted to enter the SYSDBA password you set during the installation process.

  • Create a New Database: Once connected, you can create a new database by executing the following SQL statement:
CREATE DATABASE '/path/to/database.fdb';

Replace /path/to/database.fdb with the desired location and name for your new database file.

  • Run Sample Queries: After creating the database, you can run sample queries to test its functionality. For example:
CREATE TABLE test_table (id INTEGER, name VARCHAR(50));
INSERT INTO test_table VALUES (1, 'John Doe');
SELECT * FROM test_table;
  • Check Server Version and Architecture: To verify the installed version and architecture of Firebird, you can execute the following SQL statement:

This query will display the Firebird version and the server architecture (Superserver, Classic, or SuperClassic).

  • Connect from Client Applications: If you plan to use Firebird with client applications, such as database management tools or custom software, test the connectivity by connecting to the Firebird server from these applications.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed FireBird. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the latest version of the FireBird relational database management on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official FireBird website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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