In this tutorial, we will show you how to install the FTP server on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, FTP stands for “file transfer protocol”, and it allows you to transfer files to a remote computer. The most common FTP server software for Ubuntu is the vsftpd package, which stands for “very secure FTP daemon.” It’s the default FTP package for Ubuntu, and most other Linux distributions as well.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation FTP Server on a Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) server.
Install FTP Server on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following
apt commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Installing FTP server on Ubuntu 20.04.
Install the vsftpd package using the
apt command below:
After installing VSFTPD, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable the server service to always start up when the server boots:
You’ll find its main configuration file at
/etc/vsftpd.conf. Many of the settings you’ll configure are well documented in there. Add/modify the following options with these values:
With the configuration file saved, restart vsftpd apply the new changes:
If you haven’t already done so, it is recommended that you enable the
ufw firewall for Ubuntu 20.04.
We will now create a new user that we will use to log into FTP. In this example, we will create a new user called meilana:
In order to verify that everything’s working properly, you should store at least one file in meilana’s home directory. This file should be visible when we log in to FTP in the next steps:
sudobash-c"echo FTP TESTING > /home/ftpuser/FTP-TEST"
Congratulations! You have successfully installed the FTP server. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing FTP server in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official vsftpd website.