How To Install Gitea on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

Install Gitea on Ubuntu 22.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Gitea on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Gitea is a free and open-source version control system similar to GitHub. However, it is more straightforward, lightweight, and easy to configure as compared to GitLab. One can use it across any major OS like Linux, Windows, macOS, etc.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Gitea open-source version control system on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

Prerequisites

  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 22.04, 20.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo useror access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Gitea on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install software-properties-common apt-transport-https wget ca-certificates gnupg2 ubuntu-keyring

Step 2. Installing MariaDB.

Gitea needs a server for storing the data or its content. To store data from Gitea, we will use MariaDB. Now run the following command below to install MariaDB to your Ubuntu system:

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

After successfully installation, enable MariaDB (to start automatically upon system boot), start, and verify the status using the commands below:

sudo systemctl enable mariadb
sudo systemctl start mariadb
sudo systemctl status mariadb

Confirm the installation and check the installed build version of MariaDB:

mariadb --version

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Now log in to the MariaDB shell:

mysql -u root -p

Next, create a database using the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE giteadb;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'giteauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_strong_passwd';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON giteadb.* TO 'giteauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_strong_passwd' WITH GRANT OPTION;
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;

Step 3. Installing Git.

By default, Git is available on Ubuntu 22.04 base repository. Now run the following command below to install the latest version of Git on your Ubuntu system:

sudo apt install git

Confirm the installation and check the installed build version of Git:

git --version

Next, we create a Git user to run Gitea services:

sudo adduser --system --group --disabled-password --shell /bin/bash --home /home/git --gecos 'Git Version Control' git

Step 4. Installing Gitea on Ubuntu 22.04.

By default, the Gitea is not available on Ubuntu 22.04 base repository. Now run the following command below to download the lastest version of Gitea to your Ubuntu system:

wget -O /tmp/gitea https://dl.gitea.io/gitea/1.16.8/gitea-1.16.8-linux-amd64

Move the Gitea binary file to ‘/usr/local/bin‘ and make the binary executable file:

mv /tmp/gitea /usr/local/bin
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/gitea

Next, we create the directory structure and set the required permissions and ownership:

mkdir -p /var/lib/gitea/{custom,data,indexers,public,log}
chown git: /var/lib/gitea/{data,indexers,log}
chmod 750 /var/lib/gitea/{data,indexers,log}
mkdir /etc/gitea
chown root:git /etc/gitea
chmod 770 /etc/gitea

Step 5. Create Systemd Service File.

Now download the file to the “/etc/systemd/system/” directory using the following command below:

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/go-gitea/gitea/main/contrib/systemd/gitea.service -P /etc/systemd/system/

Then, reload systemd and start Gitea service with the following command:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable --now gitea
sudo systemctl status gitea

Step 6. Configure Firewall.

Ubuntu 22.04 has ufw a firewall running by default. Now we enable connection through ports 3000:

sudo ufw allow 3000/tcp
sudo ufw enable
sudo ufw status

Step 7. Accessing Gitea Web Interface.

Once completely successful installed, now open your web browser and access the Gitea web UI using the URL http://your-ip-address:3000. You will be taken to the Gitea dashboard as shown below:

Install Gitea on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Gitea. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Gitea open-source version control system on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Gitea website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!