DebianDebian Based

How To Install Gnome on Debian 12

Install Gnome on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Gnome on Debian 12. For those of you who didn’t know, Gnome is a powerful desktop environment designed to provide an intuitive and efficient user experience. It offers a plethora of features and benefits that make it a preferred choice for many Debian users.

First and foremost, Gnome provides a visually appealing and modern interface that is easy to navigate. Its clean design promotes productivity by focusing on the task at hand and reducing distractions. Additionally, GNOME offers excellent performance and stability, ensuring a smooth user experience even on modest hardware configurations.

Customizability is another major advantage of Gnome. With a wide range of themes, icons, and extensions available, you can personalize your desktop environment to reflect your style and workflow preferences. This flexibility allows you to create a workspace that is both visually pleasing and highly functional.

Furthermore, Gnome provides access to a vast array of applications that cover various needs, from productivity tools to multimedia players and everything in between. This extensive collection ensures that you have the necessary tools at your disposal to accomplish your tasks efficiently and enjoy your digital media seamlessly.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you step-by-step install the Gnome desktop environment on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Gnome.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Gnome on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

This command will refresh the repository, allowing you to install the latest versions of software packages.

Step 2. Installing Gnome on Debian 12.

Now that your system is up to date, it’s time to install GNOME on Debian 12. The installation process is straightforward and can be accomplished using the APT package manager:

sudo apt install task-gnome-desktop

This command will download and install the Gnome desktop environment along with its core components and dependencies. Depending on your internet connection speed, this process may take some time.

After the installation is complete, reboot your system to ensure that all changes take effect. You can reboot by executing the following command:


Step 3. Log in to Gnome.

Once your system restarts, you will be greeted with the GNOME login screen. On the GNOME login screen, enter your username and password to log in to the GNOME desktop environment. After successful authentication, you will be presented with the GNOME desktop, ready for you to explore and customize.

Install Gnome on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 4. Customizing Gnome on Debian 12.

One of the standout features of Gnome is its extensive customization options. Let’s explore how you can personalize your Gnome desktop to suit your preferences.

  • Gnome Tweaks: Gnome Tweaks is a powerful tool that allows you to fine-tune various aspects of the desktop environment. To install it, open the terminal and execute the following command:
sudo apt install gnome-tweaks

After installation, you can launch GNOME Tweaks from the applications menu. From there, you can modify the GNOME shell, fonts, icons, themes, and more to create your desired look and feel.

Step 4. Troubleshooting and Tips.

  • Display Manager Selection: During the installation of GNOME, you might be prompted to choose a display manager. The default option is usually GDM (GNOME Display Manager), which is recommended for better integration with the GNOME desktop environment. However, if you have a preference for a different display manager, make your selection accordingly.

  • Slow Performance: If you experience slow performance after installing GNOME, consider disabling animations or reducing their duration. Open GNOME Tweaks, go to the “Appearance” tab, and adjust the animation settings to your liking. Disabling unnecessary startup applications can also help improve performance.

  • Missing Icons or Themes: If you install GNOME extensions or themes and find that certain icons or themes are not applied correctly, ensure that they are compatible with your GNOME version. Some extensions and themes may require specific dependencies or updates.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Gnome. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the Gnome desktop environment on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Gnome website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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