How To Install Go on Debian 11

Install Go on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Go on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Go is an open-source programming language that makes it easy to build simple, reliable, and efficient software. It’s statically typed and produces compiled machine code binaries. Go language is a compiled language. This is popular amongst developers as it means you do not need to compile the source code to create an executable file.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Go programming language on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

Install Go (Golang) on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install wget software-properties-common apt-transport-https

Step 2. Installing Go on Debian 11.

Now we download the latest version of Go from the official page:

wget https://golang.org/dl/go1.17.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Then, extract the archive to /usr/local:

sudo tar -zxvf go1.17.linux-amd64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/

Step 3. Setup Go Environment.

Now we configure the ${PATH} environment variable to include Go’s bin directory /usr/loca/go/bin:

echo "export PATH=/usr/local/go/bin:${PATH}" | sudo tee /etc/profile.d/go.sh
source /etc/profile.d/go.sh

For load a specific profile and load the environment onto your current login session:

echo "export PATH=/usr/local/go/bin:${PATH}" | sudo tee -a $HOME/.profile source
source $HOME/.profile

With this, Go is ready for work. You can check it by showing the version of the program:

go version

Check the Go environment variables we set in previous sections:

go env

Step 3. Create A Simple ‘hello world’ program using Go.

Now create a directory hello under your home directory:

sudo mkdir go-hello
sudo nano go-hello/hello.go

Add the following file:

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
fmt.Printf("Hello, World\n")
}

Now, run the code with the go command:

go run .

You would get the following greeting text:

Hello, World!

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Go. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Go (Golang) on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Golang website.

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