In this tutorial we will show you how to install Gogs on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Gogs is a free and open source self-hosted Git service written in the Go programming language. It is very similar to GitLab and aims to be the easiest and most painless way to set up self-hosted Git service in your development environment.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Gogs on a Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Gogs on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB and PHP) server.
An Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also install all required PHP modules:
apt install php7.2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 php7.2-common php7.2-mbstring php7.2-xmlrpc php7.2-soap php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-intl php7.2-mysql php7.2-cli php7.2-zip php7.2-curl
Step 3. Installing Gogs on Ubuntu.
First, create a new system user for Gogs:
sudo adduser --home /opt/gogs --shell /bin/bash --gecos 'Gogs application' gogs
Now, download the Gogs binary from the Gogs Github page:
sudo wget https://github.com/gogs/gogs/releases/download/v0.11.86/linux_amd64.tar.gz tar xvf linux_amd64.tar.gz --strip-components=1 -C /opt/gogs
We will need to change some folders permissions:
sudo chown -R gogs:gogs /opt/gogs/
Next, copy the systemd unit file:
sudo cp /opt/gogs/scripts/systemd/gogs.service /etc/systemd/system/
Open the unit file using your favorite text editor:
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/gogs.service
Add the following lines:
[Unit] [Unit] Description=Gogs After=syslog.target After=network.target After=mariadb.service mysqld.service postgresql.service memcached.service redis.service [Service] # Modify these two values and uncomment them if you have # repos with lots of files and get an HTTP error 500 because # of that ### #LimitMEMLOCK=infinity #LimitNOFILE=65535 Type=simple User=gogs Group=gogs WorkingDirectory=/opt/gogs ExecStart=/opt/gogs web Restart=always Environment=USER=gogs HOME=/opt/gogs # Some distributions may not support these hardening directives. If you cannot start the service due # to an unknown option, comment out the ones not supported by your version of systemd. ProtectSystem=full PrivateDevices=yes PrivateTmp=yes NoNewPrivileges=true [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Now, we can restart Gogs so that the changes take place:
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start gogs sudo systemctl enable gogs
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Gogs.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Gogs. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Gogs installation:
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE SCHEMA `gogs` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gogs.* TO 'gogs'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> \q
Step 5. Accessing Gogs.
Gogs will be available on HTTP port 3000 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com/install or http://server-ip/install and complete the required the steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Gogs. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Gogs on Ubuntu 18.04. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Gogs website.