In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Graylog on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Graylog is a free and open-source powerful centralized log management tool based on Elasticsearch and MongoDB. Graylog helps you to collect, index, and analyze any machine logs centrally.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Graylog on Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus).
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Graylog on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing Java.
By default, Java is not available in the Ubuntu default repository. So first add the Oracle Java PPA to apt with the following command:
add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java apt-get update -y apt-get install oracle-java8-installer
Now check the java version:
Step 3. Installing MongoDB.
MongoDB cannot be installed from the Ubuntu repository, so we will have to add the MongoDB repository:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10 echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian wheezy/mongodb-org/3.0 main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.0.list
Update your apt database and install MongoDB with the following command:
apt-get update -y apt-get install mongodb-org
Start the MongoDB service and enable it to start on boot with the following command:
systemctl start mongod systemctl enable mongod
Step 4. Installing Elasticsearch.
Elasticsearch is one of the main components which requires Graylog to run, Let’s install the Elasticsearch. First, download and install the GPG signing key:
wget -qO - https://packages.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch | sudo apt-key add -
Now add the Elasticsearch repository to the sources list:
apt-get update apt-get install elasticsearch
Start the Elasticsearch service and enable it to start on boot time with the following command:
systemctl start elasticsearch systemctl enable elasticsearch
Step 5. Installing Graylog.
First, you will need to download and install the Graylog repository on your system:
wget https://packages.graylog2.org/repo/packages/graylog-2.3-repository_latest.deb dpkg -i graylog-2.3-repository_latest.deb
Update the package lists and install Graylog:
apt-get update apt-get install graylog-server
After you have installed the Graylog Server, you have to generate a secret key for Graylog using the following command:
### pwgen -N 1 -s 96 MTtPFSMZxAvoLsUiXXauggyJ761hwkGn1ZTN2ovb8wN2tO1LzyeNbaatOrpLukp96p0MxwHQosmMGPbmw46ojnnSORVvr2
Now create a hash password for the root user that can be used to log in to the Graylog web server using the following command:
### echo -n Password | sha256sum e7cf3ef4f17c3999a94f2c6f612e8bmwe46b1026878e4e19398b23bd38ec221a
Edit the server.conf file:
Make changes to the file as shown below:
password_secret= MTtPFSMZxAvoLsUiXXauggyJ761hwkGn1ZTN2ovb8wN2tO1LzyeNbaatOrpLukp96p0MxwHQosmMGPborm1YRojnnSORVvr2 root_password_sha2= e7cf3ef4f17c3999a94f2c6f612e8a888e5b10268bmwe4619398b23bd38ec221a email@example.com root_timezone=UTC elasticsearch_discovery_zen_ping_unicast_hosts = ipaddress:9300 elasticsearch_shards=1 script.inline: false script.indexed: false script.file: false
To enable the Graylog web interface, make changes to the file as shown below:
rest_listen_uri = http://your-server-ip:12900/ web_listen_uri = http://your-server-ip:9000/
After you have modified the configuration file, you can start Graylog Service using the following commands:
systemctl enable graylog-server systemctl restart graylog-server
Step 6. Accessing Graylog.
Graylog will be available on HTTP port 8080 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://your-server-ip:9000 and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Graylog. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Graylog in Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Graylog website.