In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Graylog on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Graylog is a free and open-source powerful centralized log management tool based on Elasticsearch and MongoDB. Graylog helps you to collect, index, and analyze any machine logs centrally.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Graylog on an Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Graylog on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Installing Java.
Graylog is built using Java, so it can technically run anywhere, however, this may require you to install the Java Development Kit which contains the Runtime Environment too:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https uuid-runtime pwgen openjdk-8-jre-headless
Now check the java version:
Step 3. Installing MongoDB.
A stable version of MongoDB packages is already in the default Ubuntu repository. However, the version in Ubuntu’s repository isn’t the latest. If you want to install the latest version you must add a third-party repository to your system and install it from there:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 0C49F3730359A14518585931BC711F9BA15703C6
After adding the repository key to Ubuntu, run the commands below to add the MongoDB repository to your system:
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu trusty/mongodb-org/3.4 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.4.list
After that, update your system and refresh existing repositories by running the commands below:
And now install the latest stable version of MongoDB:
apt install -y mongodb-org
Step 4. Installing Elasticsearch.
First, install Elasticsearch using the apt package manager from the official Elastic repository:
wget -qO - https://packages.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch | sudo apt-key add - echo "deb http://packages.elastic.co/elasticsearch/2.x/debian stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elasticsearch-2.x.list apt-get update
Then, install Elasticsearch with apt using the following command:
apt-get -y install elasticsearch
Start the Elasticsearch service and set it to automatically start on boot:
systemctl restart elasticsearch systemctl enable elasticsearch
Once Elasticsearch is installed, you will need to modify the Elasticsearch main configuration file:
Make the following changes:
cluster.name: graylog network.host: 127.0.0.1 discovery.zen.ping.timeout: 10s discovery.zen.ping.multicast.enabled: false discovery.zen.ping.unicast.hosts: ["127.0.0.1:9300"] script.inline: false script.indexed: false script.file: false
After a few seconds, run the following to test that Elasticsearch is running properly:
curl -X GET http://localhost:9200
Step 5. Installing Graylog.
Graylog is not available in the Ubuntu 18.04 default repository, you need to download and install the Graylog repository to your system:
wget https://packages.graylog2.org/repo/packages/graylog-2.4-repository_latest.deb dpkg -i graylog-2.4-repository_latest.deb
Update the package lists and install Graylog:
apt-get update -y apt-get install graylog-server -y
After you have installed the Graylog Server, you have to generate a secret key for Graylog using the following command:
### pwgen -N 1 -s 96 MTtPFSMZxAvoLsUiXXauggyJ761hwkGn1ZTN2ovb8wN2tO1LzyeNbaatOrpLukp96p0MxwHQosmMGPbmw46ojnnSORVvr2
Now create a hash password for the root user that can be used to log in to the Graylog web server using the following command:
### echo -n Password | sha256sum e7cf3ef4f17c3999a94f2c6f612e8bmwe46b1026878e4e19398b23cehedelicsec221a
Edit the server.conf file:
Make changes to the file as shown below:
password_secret= MTtPFSMZxAvoLsUiXXauggyJ761hwkGn1ZTN2ovb8wN2tO1LzyeNbaatOrpLukp96p0MxwHQosmMGPborm1YRojnnSORVvr2 root_password_sha2= e7cf3ef4f17c3999a94f2c6f612e8bmwe46b1026878e4e19398b23cehedelicsec221a email@example.com root_timezone=UTC elasticsearch_discovery_zen_ping_unicast_hosts = ipaddress:9300 elasticsearch_shards=1 script.inline: false script.indexed: false script.file: false
To enable the Graylog web interface, make changes to the file as shown below:
rest_listen_uri = http://your-server-ip:12900/ web_listen_uri = http://your-server-ip:9000/
After you have modified the configuration file, you can start Graylog Service using the following commands:
systemctl enable graylog-server systemctl restart graylog-server
Step 6. Accessing Graylog.
Graylog will be available on HTTP port 8080 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com:9000 or http://server-ip:9000 and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Graylog. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Graylog on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Graylog website.