DebianDebian Based

How To Install Hugo on Debian 12

Install Hugo on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Hugo on Debian 12. Hugo stands out in the static site generator landscape for its remarkable speed and flexibility. As an SEO-conscious developer, you’ll appreciate Hugo’s ability to produce lightweight, highly optimized websites that search engines love.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Hugo on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • Make sure your Debian 12 system is connected to the internet. An active connection is essential for downloading the required packages and updates during the installation.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Hugo on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. Before installing any software, it’s good practice to update the local package lists to ensure you have access to the latest software packages:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Hugo on Debian 12.

To install Hugo, use the APT package manager:

sudo apt install hugo

You can verify the installation by checking Hugo’s version:

hugo version

This will display the installed Hugo version, confirming that the installation was successful.

Step 3. Basic Configuration.

Now that Hugo is installed, let’s explore the basic configuration.

Creating a New Hugo Site

First, create a new Hugo site with the following command:

hugo new site


Congratulations! Your new Hugo site is created in /root/

Just a few more steps and you're ready to go:

1. Download a theme into the same-named folder.
   Choose a theme from or
   create your own with the "hugo new theme " command.
2. Perhaps you want to add some content. You can add single files
   with "hugo new /.".
3. Start the built-in live server via "hugo server".

Visit for quickstart guide and full documentation.

Understanding the Directory Structure

Hugo organizes your site into a clear directory structure. Familiarize yourself with the essential directories:

  • archetypes: Define content templates.
  • content: Create your website’s content.
  • layouts: Customize the site’s layout.
  • static: Store static files like images and CSS.
  • themes: Install and manage themes.
  • config.toml: Configure your site settings.

The Significance of the Configuration File (config.toml)

The config.toml file in your site’s root directory is where you’ll define site-wide settings. Open it with your favorite text editor to make adjustments.

Step 4. Customization and Themes.

Hugo’s flexibility extends to themes and customization:

Installing and Applying Themes

To install a Hugo theme, navigate to your site’s root directory and use the following command:

git clone <theme_repository_url> themes/<theme_name>

Replace <theme_repository_url> with the URL of the theme’s repository and <theme_name> with your chosen theme’s name.

Customizing the Website’s Appearance

For further customization, you can modify the layouts and static directories. Adjust templates and styles to match your desired website design.

Step 6. Content Management.

Hugo simplifies content creation and organization:

Creating and Managing Content with Hugo

To create new content, use the following command:

hugo new posts/

This creates a new Markdown file in the ‘content‘ directory.

Preview the site locally by running:

hugo server -D

Step 7. Accessing the Hugo Web UI.

Open your web browser and access your website using the URL http://your-server-ip-address:1313. You should see the Hugo default page:

Install Hugo on Debian 12 Bookworm

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Hugo. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the latest version of the Hugo on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Hugo website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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