How To Install Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Install Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Icinga 2 is an open-source network monitoring system that checks the availability of your network resources, notifies users of outages, and generates performance data for reporting. It’s Scalable and extensible, Icinga2 can monitor large, complex environments across multiple locations.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Icinga 2 on an Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver server.

Install Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, and PHP) server.

An Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have a LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:

apt-get install php7.1-cli php7.1-mbstring php7.1-gd php7.1-opcache php7.1-mysql php7.1-json php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-xml php7.1-curl

Step 3. Installing Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 18.04.

First, enable the add-repository feature and add the repository for Icinga with the below commands:

curl -sSL https://packages.icinga.com/icinga.key | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb https://packages.icinga.com/ubuntu icinga-bionic main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/icinga.list

Run update of package list and install Icinga2 packages:

sudo apt-get install icinga2 icingaweb2 icinga2-ido-mysql

Once the installation is complete. Make sure the service is up and running fine:

systemctl status icinga2.service
systemctl enable icinga2.service
systemctl start icinga2.service

Step 4. Installing Nagios Plugins.

Icinga2 will collect the service information based on the monitoring plugins. So, we need to install the Nagios plugin using the below command:

sudo apt-get install monitoring-plugins

Next, you need to install the IDO module which is crucial for the Icinga 2 web interface. It will export all configuration and status information into its database. Execute the following command:

sudo apt install icinga2-ido-mysql

Then restart Icinga 2 for the changes to take effect:

systemctl restart icinga2.service

Once you have enabled the IDO modules, Icinga 2 places the new configuration file at /etc/icinga2/features-enabled/ido-mysql.conf in which we need to update the database credentials manually:

cat /etc/icinga2/features-enabled/ido-mysql.conf

Update the above file shown like below:

[email protected]:~# nano /etc/icinga2/features-enabled/ido-mysql.conf
/**
* The db_ido_mysql library implements IDO functionality
* for MySQL.
*/
library "db_ido_mysql"
object IdoMysqlConnection "ido-mysql" {
user = "icinga2",
password = "icinga123",
host = "localhost",
database = "icinga2"
}

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Icinga 2.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set the root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Icinga 2. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server, you need to create a database for Icinga 2 installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database icinga2;
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on icingaweb.* to [email protected] identified by 'icinga123';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
MariaDB [(none)]> \q

Step 5. Installing Icinga 2 Web.

After creating the database, we can install the Web interface plugin and configure it one by one:

apt-get install icingaweb2

Both Icinga Web 2 and CLI must have access to logs and configurations. Add web server user (www-data) to the system group (icingaweb2):

addgroup --system icingaweb2
usermod -a -G icingaweb2 www-data

Step 6. Accessing Icinga 2.

Icinga2 will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/icingaweb2/setup or http://server-ip/icingaweb2/setup and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Install Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Icinga. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Icinga 2 on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Icinga website.

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