In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Jenkins on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Jenkins is an open-source continuous integration tool written in Java. Jenkins provides continuous integration services for software development. It is a server-based system running in a servlet container such as Apache Tomcat. It supports SCM tools including AccuRev, CVS, Subversion, Git, Mercurial, Perforce, Clearcase and RTC, and can execute Apache Ant and Apache Maven-based projects as well as arbitrary shell scripts and Windows batch commands.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installationJenkins on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Jenkins on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Installing Java.
Jenkins requires Java to be installed on your server. By default, Java is not available in Ubuntu’s repository. Add the Oracle Java PPA to Apt with the following command:
Verify the Java version by running the following command:
Add the key and source list to apt:
wget-q-O-https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -
sudoapt-add-repository"deb https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/"
Now, start to proceed installation Jenkins:
Start Jenkins service:
Jenkins will write log files to /var/log/jenkins/jenkins.log. You can also fine-tune the configuration.
Step 4. Installing and Configure Apache web server for Jenkins.
Install Apache web server on your system:
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘jenkins.conf’ on your virtual server:
Add the following lines:
ProxyPass / http://localhost:8080/ nocanon
ProxyPassReverse / http://localhost:8080/
ProxyPassReverse / http://my.jenkins.id/
Save and close the file. Restart the apache and Jenkins service for the changes to take effects:
Jenkins will be available on HTTP port 8080 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com:8080 or http://server-ip:8080 and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 8080 to enable access to the control panel. Default installation password can be found at /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword as showing in below image.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Jenkins. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Jenkins on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Jenkins website.