How To Install Joomla on AlmaLinux 8

Install Joomla on AlmaLinux 8

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Joomla on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Joomla is a free, open-source, and popular content management system (CMS) that can be used to build online applications and websites. It uses a PHP application and back-end databases such as MySQL/MariaDB. It supports several operating systems including Linux, Windows, Mac OS, FreeBSD, and Solaris, and easily integrates with Gmail and OpenID.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Joomla content management system on an AlmaLinux 8.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: AlmaLinux 8.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Joomla on AlmaLinux 8

Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.

sudo dnf update
sudo dnf install epel-release

Step 2. Installing a LAMP server.

An AlmaLinux LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Joomla on AlmaLinux 8.

Now we run the following command to download the latest installation package:


After that, extract the file into the folder /var/www/html/ with the following command below:

sudo unzip -d /var/www/html

We will need to change some folders permissions:

sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/joomla
sudo chmod 755 /var/www/html/joomla

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for NextCloud.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:


Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for NextCloud. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Joomla installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database joomladb;
MariaDB [(none)]> create user joomlauser@localhost identified by 'your-strong-passwd';
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on joomladb.* to joomlauser@localhost;
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit

Step 5. Configuring Apache for Joomla.

Now create a new virtual host file using the following command:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/joomla.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
   DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/joomla"
   ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/"
   CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/" combined

<Directory "/var/www/html/joomla">
   DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
   Options FollowSymLinks
   AllowOverride All
   Require all granted

Save the file and exit. Then, restart the Apache web service to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart httpd
sudo systemctl enable httpd

Step 6. Configure Firewall.

Allow the firewall to HTTP and HTTPS and reload it with the following commands:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 7. Accessing Web Interface.

Once successfully complete step-by-step installation, Open your web browser and open the URL You will be redirected to the following screen:

Install Joomla on AlmaLinux 8

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Joomla. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Joomla content management system on your AlmaLinux 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Joomla website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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