How To Install Joomla on Debian 11

Install Joomla on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Joomla on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Joomla is one of the most popular Content Management Systems (CMSs) next to WordPress. With Joomla, you can create blogs, discussion forums, and other websites. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL as a database. It offers a wide range of features that make it a flexible content management system right out of the box. It comes with hundreds of free extensions that allow you to customize and extend the functionality.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Joomla CMS on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

Install Joomla on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing the LAMP stack.

A Debian 11 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 11.

Step 3. Installing Joomla on Debian 11.

Now we download the latest version of the Joomla package using the following wget command in the terminal:

wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla4/4-0-4/Joomla_4-0-4-Stable-Full_Package.zip

Next, create a directory for Joomla inside the Apache web root:

mkdir /var/www/html/joomla

Then, run the following command below to extract the downloaded file to the Joomla directory:

unzip Joomla_4-0-3-Stable-Full_Package.zip -d /var/www/html/joomla

We will need to change some folder permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/joomla 
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Joomla. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Joomla installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE joomladb;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'joomlauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON joomladb.* TO 'joomlauser'@'localhost';
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT

Step 5. Configuring Apache.

Now we create a new VirtualHost to better manage the Joomla:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/joomla.conf

Add the following file:

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin [email protected]_domain.com
      DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress
     ServerName your-domain.com

     <Directory /var/www/html/wordpress>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your-domain.com_error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your-domain.com_access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Save and close, then restart the Apache so that the changes take place:

sudo a2ensite joomla.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Accessing Joomla Web Interface.

Once successfully installed, open your web browser and access the Joomla web interface using the URL http://your-domian.com. You will be redirected to the following page:

Install Joomla on Debian 11 Bullseye

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Joomla. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the Joomla content management system (CMS) on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Joomla website.

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