How To Install Joomla on Debian 11

Install Joomla on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Joomla on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Joomla is one of the most popular Content Management Systems (CMSs) next to WordPress. With Joomla, you can create blogs, discussion forums, and other websites. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL as a database. It offers a wide range of features that make it a flexible content management system right out of the box. It comes with hundreds of free extensions that allow you to customize and extend the functionality.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Joomla CMS on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 11 (Bullseye).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Joomla on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing the LAMP stack.

A Debian 11 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 11.

Step 3. Installing Joomla on Debian 11.

Now we download the latest version of the Joomla package using the following wget command in the terminal:


Next, create a directory for Joomla inside the Apache web root:

mkdir /var/www/html/joomla

Then, run the following command below to extract the downloaded file to the Joomla directory:

unzip -d /var/www/html/joomla

We will need to change some folder permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/joomla 
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.


Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Joomla. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Joomla installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE joomladb;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'joomlauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON joomladb.* TO 'joomlauser'@'localhost';
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT

Step 5. Configuring Apache.

Now we create a new VirtualHost to better manage the Joomla:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/joomla.conf

Add the following file:

<VirtualHost *:80>
      DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress

     <Directory /var/www/html/wordpress>
          Options FollowSymlinks
          AllowOverride All
          Require all granted

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your-domain.com_error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/your-domain.com_access.log combined


Save and close, then restart the Apache so that the changes take place:

sudo a2ensite joomla.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Accessing Joomla Web Interface.

Once successfully installed, open your web browser and access the Joomla web interface using the URL You will be redirected to the following page:

Install Joomla on Debian 11 Bullseye

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Joomla. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the Joomla content management system (CMS) on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Joomla website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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