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How To Install Kubernetes on Linux Mint 21

Install Kubernetes on Linux Mint 21

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Kubernetes on Linux Mint 21. For those of you who didn’t know, Kubernetes, often referred to as K8s, is an open-source container orchestration platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. It has become the industry standard for container orchestration, and its adoption has skyrocketed in recent years, thanks to its ability to simplify the management of containerized applications.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Kubernetes on a Linux Mint 21.2 (Victoria).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Linux Mint 21.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • While we’ll guide you through the process, a basic understanding of the command line will be beneficial. If you’re new to the CLI, you might want to acquaint yourself with some fundamental commands.
  • An active internet connection.
  • Administrative privileges are essential for installing and configuring software on your system. Ensure that you have superuser or sudo access.

Install Kubernetes on Linux Mint 21

Step 1. It’s essential to have your system up to date before installing Kubernetes. Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Docker.

To install Docker on Linux Mint 21, you’ll need to install some dependencies. Run the following commands:

sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl software-properties-common

Next, add the Docker repository to your system:

curl -fsSL | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
echo "deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null

Now, you can install Docker:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli

Start the Docker service and enable it to start on boot:

sudo systemctl start docker
sudo systemctl enable docker

You can verify that Docker is installed correctly by running:

docker --version

Step 3. Installing kubeadm, kubelet, and kubectl.

Kubeadm, kubelet, and kubectl are the essential tools required for setting up a Kubernetes cluster.

To add the Kubernetes repository, run the following commands:

sudo su
curl -s | apt-key add -
echo "deb kubernetes-xenial main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list

Install the Kubernetes components with the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install kubeadm kubelet kubectl

You can verify the installation by checking the versions of the installed components:

kubeadm version
kubelet --version
kubectl version

Step 4. Initializing the Kubernetes Master Node.

Now that we have Docker and the necessary Kubernetes tools installed, it’s time to initialize the Kubernetes master node.

On your Linux Mint 21 machine, run the following command to initialize the Kubernetes master node:

sudo kubeadm init --pod-network-cidr=

This command will take some time to complete and will generate a token that you’ll need to join worker nodes to the cluster. Make sure to note it down.

After initialization, configure kubectl for your user:

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

To enable networking for your cluster, you can use a network plugin. We’ll use Calico in this example:

kubectl apply -f

Step 5. Joining Worker Nodes to the Kubernetes Cluster.

Now that your master node is up and running, it’s time to add worker nodes to your Kubernetes cluster.

On each worker node, run the following command with the token generated during the master node initialization:

sudo kubeadm join <master-node-ip>:6443 --token <token> --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:<hash>

Replace <master-node-ip>, <token>, and <hash> with the values specific to your cluster.

To verify that the worker node has successfully joined the cluster, go back to the master node and run:

kubectl get nodes

You should see the worker node listed and in the “Ready” state.

Step 6. Testing the Kubernetes Installation.

To ensure that your Kubernetes cluster is functioning correctly, let’s perform some basic tests.

To deploy a simple NGINX web server pod, run:

kubectl create deployment nginx --image=nginx

Expose the NGINX pod as a service:

kubectl expose deployment nginx --port=80 --type=NodePort

You can access the NGINX service using the worker node’s IP address and the NodePort:

kubectl get service nginx

Now, open your web browser and navigate to <worker-node-IP>:<NodePort>. You should see the NGINX welcome page.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Kubernetes. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Kubernetes on the Linux Mint system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Kubernetes website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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