How To Install LAMP Stack on Debian 10

Install LAMP Stack on Debian 10

In this tutorial we will show you how to install LAMP server on your Debian 10 Buster. For those of you who didn’t know, LAMP (a server stack) represents a full featured stack containing the most popular web server known as Apache, the most popular database server MySQL and the most popular open-source web programming language known as PHP. All components are free and open-source software, and the combination is suitable for building dynamic web pages.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation LAMP Stack on a Debian 10 (Buster) server.

Install LAMP Stack on Debian 10 Buster

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt commands in the terminal:

Step 2. Installing Apache on Debian 10.

We will be installing Apache with apt-get, which is the default package manager for Debian:

After installing Apache services on your system, start all required services:

Allow Apache HTTP server via the firewall:

Now you need to test if Apache is properly installed and can serve web pages. Open a web browser and use the following URL to access the Apache Debian Default Page:

Step 3. Installing MariaDB on Debian 10.

Now that we have our web server up and running, it is time to install MariaDB. MariaDB is a database management system. Basically, it will organize and provide access to databases where our site can store information:

Once complete, you can verify MariaDB is installed by running the below command:

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

Configure it like this:

To log into MariaDB, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):

Step 4. Installing PHP 7.3 on Deban 10.

By default Apache server supports the .html only not PHP, for that you need to install PHP and the PHP extension package for the MariaDB server. Here, we will install PHP 7 on Debian 10.

Your server should restart Apache automatically after the installation of both MariaDB and PHP. If it doesn’t, execute this command:

To test PHP, create a test file named info.php with he content below. Save the file, then browse to it to see if PHP is working:

Now open a browser and type the following address to see whether your web server can show content created by this PHP script:

Install LAMP Stack on Debian 10

Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed LAMP server. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing LAMP (Linux Apache, MySQL and PHP) in Debian 10 (Buster) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache, MySQL and PHP website.

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