In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of LAMP Stack on your Ubuntu 16.04 server. For those of you who didn’t know, LAMP represents a full-featured stack containing the most popular web server known as Apache, the most popular database server MySQL and the most popular open-source web programming language known as PHP. All components are free and open-source software, and the combination is suitable for building dynamic web pages.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation of LAMP (Linux Apache, MySQL, and PHP) on the Ubuntu 16.04 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 16.04.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 16.04
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing Apache on Ubuntu 16.04.
We will be installing Apache with apt-get, which is the default package manager for ubuntu. You’re also required to install the
libapache2-mod-php module to work PHP with Apache2:
apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-php
After installing apache services on your system, start all required services:
systemctl enable apache2 systemctl start apache2 systemctl status apache2
You can verify that Apache is really running by opening your favorite web browser and entering the URL
http://your-server's-address, if it is installed, then you will see this:
Step 3. Installing MySQL on Ubuntu 16.04
Now that we have our web server up and running, it is time to install MySQL. MySQL is a database management system. Basically, it will organize and provide access to databases where our site can store information:
apt-get install mysql-server php7.0-mysql
Once complete, you can verify MySQL is installed by running the below command:
systemctl status mysql systemctl start mysql
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
To log in to MySQL, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):
mysql -u root -p
Step 4. Installing PHP 7 on Ubuntu 16.04
PHP 7.0 is now the default PHP package shipping in Ubuntu LTS 16.04 (Xenial Xerus), Now install PHP 7 with the following command:
sudo apt-get install php7.0 php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-gd php7.0-json php7.0-opcache php7.0-xml mcrypt php7.0-mcrypt
If you like to search all the available PHP 7 modules you can use to command:
sudo apt-cache search php7-*
Your server should restart Apache automatically after the installation of both MySQL and PHP. If it doesn’t, execute this command:
sudo systemctl restart apache2 sudo systemctl restart mysql
To test PHP, create a test file named info.php with the content below. Save the file, then browse to it to see if PHP is working:
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Try to access it at
http://your_server_ip/info.php. If the PHP info page is rendered in your browser then everything looks good and you are ready to proceed further.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed the LAMP stack. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing LAMP (Linux Apache, MySQL, and PHP) in Ubuntu 16.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache, MySQL, and PHP web site.