In this tutorial we will show you how to install LAMP stack on Ubuntu 20.04. For those of you who didn’t know, LAMP represents a full featured stack containing the most popular web server known as Apache, the most popular database server MySQL and the most popular open-source web programming language known as PHP. All components are free and open-source software, and the combination is suitable for building dynamic web pages.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation LAMP (Linux Apache, MySQL and PHP) on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa) server.
Install LAMP Stack on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa
Step 1. First make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Installing Apache.
Apache Web server packages are available on Ubuntu 20.04 official repositories. We will be installing Apache with apt, which is the default package manager for ubuntu:
Once installing Apache2, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable Apache2 service to always start up with the server boots:
You can verify that Apache is really running by opening your favorite web browser and entering the URL http://your-ip-server’s-address, if it is installed, then you will see this:
Step 3. Installing MariaDB.
MariaDB is a relational database management system forked from MySQL. It is free and Open source. Install MariaDB using following commands:
Once installing MariaDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MariaDB service to always start up when the server boots:
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
To log into MariaDB, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):
At the the time of this writing, PHP 7.3 is the latest stable version of PHP and has a minor performance edge over PHP7.0. Enter the following command to install PHP 7.3:
Enable Apache module if not already enabled then restart the Web Server:
To test PHP, create a test file named info.php with he content below. Save the file, then browse to it to see if PHP is working:
In this file, paste the following code:
Try to access it at http://your_server_ip/info.php . If the PHP info page is rendered in your browser then everything looks good and you are ready to proceed further.
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed LAMP stack. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing LAMP (Linux Apache, MySQL and PHP) in Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache, MySQL and PHP web site.