How To Install LibreNMS on Debian 11

Install LibreNMS on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install LibreNMS on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, LibreNMS is an auto discovering PHP/MySQL-based network monitoring system that includes support for a wide range of network hardware and operating systems including Cisco, Linux, FreeBSD, Juniper, Brocade, HP, and many more.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of LibreNMS network monitoring system on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

Install LibreNMS on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install acl curl composer fping git graphviz imagemagick mtr-tiny python3-dotenv python3-pymysql python3-redis python3-setuptools python3-systemd rrdtool snmp snmpd whois

Step 2. Installing the LAMP stack.

A Debian 11 LEMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LEMP Server on Debian 11.

Step 3. Create a user account for LibreNMS.

Now we add the LibreNMS user:

sudo useradd librenms -d /opt/librenms -M -r -s /bin/bash

Step 4. Installing LibreNMS on Debian 11.

Now we clone the LibreNMS repository to /opt directory using git command:

cd /opt
sudo git clone https://github.com/librenms/librenms.git librenms

We will need to change some folder permissions:

sudo chown -R librenms:librenms /opt/librenms
sudo chmod 771 /opt/librenms
sudo setfacl -d -m g::rwx /opt/librenms/rrd /opt/librenms/logs /opt/librenms/bootstrap/cache/ /opt/librenms/storage/
sudo setfacl -R -m g::rwx /opt/librenms/rrd /opt/librenms/logs /opt/librenms/bootstrap/cache/ /opt/librenms/storage/

Step 5. Installing PHP dependencies.

Run the commands below to install all dependencies required by PHP on your Debian system:

sudo -u librenms bash
./scripts/composer_wrapper.php install --no-dev
exit

Step 6. Configuring MariaDB.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set the root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for LibreNMS. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server, you need to create a database for LibreNMS installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE librenms_db;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'librenms_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON librenms_db.* to [email protected]'localhost';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit

After that, edit MariaDB’s configuration:

echo 'innodb_file_per_table=1' >> /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf
echo 'lower_case_table_names=0' >> /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf

Step 7. Configure Nginx.

Create an Nginx virtual host file for LibreNMS installation:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/librenms.vhost

Add the following file:

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name librenms.your-domain.com;
  root /opt/librenms/html;
  index index.php;

  charset utf-8;
  gzip on;
  gzip_types text/css application/javascript text/javascript application/x-javascript image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon;
  location / {
   try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
  }
  location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
   fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm-librenms.sock;
   fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
   include fastcgi.conf;
  }
  location ~ /\.(?!well-known).* {
   deny all;
  }
}

Save and close the file, then restart the Nginx web server so that the changes take place:

sudo systemctl restart nginx

Next, enable command auto-completion for LibreNMS:

sudo ln -s /opt/librenms/lnms /usr/bin/lnms
sudo cp /opt/librenms/misc/lnms-completion.bash /etc/bash_completion.d/

After that, copy the cron job information to enable automatic discovery and copy the logrotate configuration file to rotate the old logs:

sudo cp /opt/librenms/librenms.nonroot.cron /etc/cron.d/librenms
sudo cp /opt/librenms/misc/librenms.logrotate /etc/logrotate.d/librenms

Step 8. Accessing the LibreNMS Web Interface.

Once successfully installed, open a web browser and go to http://librenms.your-domain.com and you will see the following screen:

Install LibreNMS on Debian 11 Bullseye

Congratulations! You have successfully installed LibreNMS. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of LibreNMS network monitoring system on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official LibreNMS website.

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