How To Install Lighttpd With MariaDB and PHP on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Install Lighttpd With MariaDB and PHP on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Lighttpd With MariaDB and PHP on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, For those of you who didn’t know, Lighttpd is a fast and secure web server that has been optimized for high-performance environments. With a small memory footprint compared to other web servers, effective management of the CPU load, and an advanced feature set (FastCGI, SCGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting, and many more) Lighttpd is the perfect solution for every server that is suffering load problems.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Lighttpd With MariaDB and PHP FastCGI on the Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 18.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Lighttpd With MariaDB and PHP on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal.

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Installing Lighttpd on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

Lighttpd is available to install from the official Ubuntu repositories, So if you want to install Lighttpd, you only have to run this command:

sudo apt install lighttpd

To start up the Lighttpd web server, run the commands below and You can test the status of the server by accessing the IP address of your VPS in a web browser. Upon success, you will see the Lighttpd welcome page:

systemctl start lighttpd.service

Step 3. Installing MariaDB on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

To install MariaDB in Ubuntu run the following command:

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:


To log into MariaDB, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):

mysql -u root -p

To start the database, run the commands below:

systemctl start mariadb.service

Step 4. Installing PHP 7 FastCGI and other PHP7 modules.

First, add the below third party repository to upgrade to PHP 7.1:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then, install and upgrade to PHP 7.1:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install php7.1-cgi php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-cli php7.1-mysql php7.1-gd php7.1-imagick php7.1-recode php7.1-tidy php7.1-xmlrpc

Enable PHP CGI modules in Lighttpd with the following commands:

sudo sudo lighttpd-enable-mod fastcgi 
sudo lighttpd-enable-mod fastcgi-php

After enabling the modules, you need to restart the Lighttpd service by running the following command:

systemctl restart lighttpd

Testing if PHP is working:

nano /srv/www/htdocs/info.php

Then, we’ll simply add the following line into the file:

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Step 5. Configure firewall for LLMP.

Run the following commands to allow HTTP (80) and HTPPS (443) requests through the firewall.

ufw allow 80/tcp
ufw allow 443/tcp
ufw reload

Congratulations! You have successfully installed LLMP. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Lighttpd With PHP FPM and MariaDB in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Lighttpd website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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