How To Install Magento on CentOS 8

Install Magento on CentOS 8

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento on CentOS 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Magento on a CentOS 8.

Install Magento on CentOS 8

Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.

sudo dnf clean all
sudo dnf update

Step 2. Install LAMP server.

A CentOS 8 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Composer.

Composer is a dependency manager for PHP that Magento uses to download all the components for Magento. You can install Composer with the following command:

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Step 4. Download and Installing Magento on CentOS 8.

First, download the latest version of Magento from the Git repository using the following command:

cd /var/www/html
wget https://github.com/magento/magento2/archive/2.3.zip

Unzip the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:

unzip 2.3.zip
mv magento2-2.3 magento2

Next, change the directory to magento2 and install all Magento dependencies with the following command:

cd /var/www/html/magento2
composer update
composer install

After that, create the Magento crontab to schedule tasks:

./bin/magento cron:install

Step 5. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE magentodb;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON magentodb.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit;

Step 6. Configuring Apache for Magento.

Now we create an Apache virtual host configuration file for Magento with the following command:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/magento.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
 ServerAdmin [email protected]
 ServerName example.com
 DocumentRoot /var/www/html/magento2/
 DirectoryIndex index.php
<Directory /var/www/html/magento2/>
 Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
 AllowOverride All
 Order allow,deny
 allow from all
</Directory>
 ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/magento_error.log
 CustomLog /var/log/httpd/magento_access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effect:

systemctl restart httpd.service

Step 7. Install an SSL certificate.

First, download the required packages and create a new system binary:

wget https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto
sudo mv certbot-auto /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto
sudo chown root /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto
sudo chmod 0755 /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto

Next, run the certbot command that will download and install all of its dependencies:

sudo /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto --apache

Step 8. Accessing Magento e-commerce.

Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to https://your-domain.com/ or https://server-ip-address and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Install Magento on CentOS 8

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce on your CentOS 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!