In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Magento on your Debian 8 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of Magento e-commerce on a Debian 8 (Jessie) server.
- Analytics and Reporting – the script is integrated with Google Analytics and offers many different reports.
- Product Browsing – multiple images for products, options for extensive reviews, wishlists, and much more.
- Catalog Browsing – easy navigation, advanced product filtering system, product comparison.
- Catalog Management – inventory management, batch import, and export of products, different tax rates per location, additional product attributes.
- Customer Accounts – order status and history, e-mail and RSS feed for products in the wishlist, newsletter subscription, default billing, and shipping address.
- Customer Service – enhanced features for customers’ accounts, Contact Us form, comprehensive order tracking, and history, customizable order e-mails.
- Order Management – create orders through the admin area, create multiple invoices shipments and credit memos, call center order creation option.
- Payment – different payment methods: credit cards, PayPal, Authorize.net, Google Checkout, checks, money orders, support of external payment modules like Cybersource, ePay, eWAY, and many more.
- Shipping – shipping to multiple addresses, flat rating shipping, supports UPS, UPS XML (account rates), FedEx (account rates), USPS, and DHL.
- Checkout – one-page checkout, SSL support, checkout without having an account.
- Search Engine Optimization – 100% Search Engine Friendly, Google SiteMap support.
- International Support – multiple languages and currencies, list of allowed countries for registration, purchasing and shipping, localization.
- Marketing Promotions and Tools – coupons, discounts, and different promotion options.
- Site Management – control of multiple websites, multiple languages, tax rate with support for US and International markets, customizable outlook through templates.
Install Magento on Debian 8 Jessie
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Debian 8 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
Step 3. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:
CREATE DATABASE magentodb; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO magento@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; flush privileges; exit
Step 4. Installing Magento.
Install the composer with the following command:
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
The first thing to do is to go to Magento’s download page and download the latest stable version of Magento:
cd /var/www/public_html wget https://github.com/magento/magento2/archive/2.1.0.zip
Extract the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:
Run the “composer install” command under your Magento 2 directory. Or if you face an error in installing composer, use these two commands below to install the required extensions for Magento 2:
sudo apt-get php7.0-intl sudo apt-get php7.0-xsl
Now you need to assign the ownership of the files and folders to Apache’s user and group. To do so, the command is:
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/public_html/
Step 5. Accessing Magento.
Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento e-commerce on Ubuntu Debian 8 Jessie system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.