In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MariaDB on Manjaro 21. For those of you who didn’t know, MariaDB is a free and open-source relational database management system (DBMS) that is considered a successor and replacement of MySQL DBMS. MariaDB is fully compatible with the MySQL database and is widely used as a database server in the LAMP and LEMP stack.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the MariaDB database on a Manjaro 21 (Ornara).
- A server or desktop running one of the following operating systems: Manjaro 21, or Arch Linux.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install MariaDB on Manjaro 21
Step 1. Before running the tutorial below, make sure that our system is up to date:
sudo pacman -Syu sudo pacman -S base-devel
Step 2. Installing MariaDB on Manjaro 21.
By default, MariaDB is available on the Manjaro 21 base repository. Now we run the following command to install the latest version of MariaDB to your Manjaro system:
sudo pacman -Sy mariadb
Before starting the MariaDB service, initialize the database with the below command:
mariadb-install-db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql
Once the installation is complete, now enable MariaDB (to start automatically upon system boot), start the MariaDB, and verify the status using the commands below:
sudo systemctl start mariadb sudo systemctl enable mariadb sudo systemctl status mariadb
Step 3. Secure MariaDB Installation.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Step 4. Accessing MariaDB.
For accessing MariaDB, you can run the following command in your terminal:
mysql -u root -p
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 12 Server version: 10.8.4-MariaDB Manjaro Linux Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
Congratulations! You have successfully installed MariaDB. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the MariaDB database server on the Manjaro system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MariaDB website.