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How To Install MediaWiki on Debian 12

Install MediaWiki on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MediaWiki on Debian 12. MediaWiki is a powerful, open-source wiki software that powers some of the most visited sites on the internet, including Wikipedia. It’s a robust platform for collaborative writing, knowledge sharing, and information storage.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the MediaWiki on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • You will need an active internet connection to download the MediaWiki package.
  • A domain name pointed to your server IP (optional but recommended for a production environment).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install MediaWiki on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. Before installing any new software, it’s crucial to ensure that your Debian 12 system is up to date. This can be achieved by running the following commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

This command first updates the list of available packages and their versions then upgrades the installed packages to their latest versions.

Step 2. Installing LAMP Stack.

Before starting this tutorial, the LAMP server must be installed on your server. If you do not have LAMP Stack installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing MediaWiki on Debian 12.

Fetch the latest stable release of MediaWiki from the official website using wget:


Once downloaded, extract the MediaWiki archive to your web directory:

tar -xvzf mediawiki-*.tar.gz
sudo mv mediawiki-1.41.0 /var/www/html/mediawiki

Step 4. Configure MySQL for MediaWiki.

MediaWiki uses a database to store all its data. Therefore, you need to create a new MySQL database and user for MediaWiki. Here‘s how:

Log in to MySQL:

sudo mysql -u root -p
CREATE DATABASE mediawikidb;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON mediawikidb.* TO 'mediawikiuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password';

Step 5. Configure Apache for MediaWiki.

Next, you need to configure Apache to serve your MediaWiki site. This involves creating a new Apache configuration file and enabling the rewrite module. Create a new Apache configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/mediawiki.conf

Add the following configuration to the file:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/mediawiki
    <Directory /var/www/html/mediawiki/>
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Enable the new configuration and the rewrite module:

sudo a2ensite mediawiki
sudo a2enmod rewrite

Restart Apache to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Securing MediaWiki with SSL.

First, you need to install Certbot, which is a client package that manages Let’s Encrypt SSL. You can install it using the following command:

sudo apt-get install python3-certbot-apache

Next, you can use Certbot to obtain and install an SSL certificate for your domain. Replace with your actual domain:

sudo certbot --apache -d

During the installation process, Certbot will prompt you for some basic information including your email address and domain name. Follow the prompts to complete the installation.

Step 7. Configure Firewall.

First, you need to install UFW, which is a user-friendly front-end for managing a Linux firewall. You can install it using the following command:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install ufw

Now we set up an Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW) with Apache to allow public access on default web ports for HTTP and HTTPS:

sudo ufw allow 'Apache Full'
sudo ufw allow 'Apache Secure'

Step 8. Accessing MediaWiki Web UI.

Now, you can finalize the MediaWiki installation by navigating to in your web browser. This will open the MediaWiki setup wizard, where you can enter the database details and configure other settings.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed MediaWiki. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the latest version of the MediaWiki on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MediaWiki website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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